Evolution of TiS and TiN in Fe-40 MassPctNi Austenitic Alloy During Heating at 1273 K (1000 °C)

We’re sorry, something doesn't seem to be working properly.

Please try refreshing the page. If that doesn't work, please contact support so we can address the problem.


Evolution of TiS in composition and morphology as well as the change in size distribution of TiS and TiN in Fe-40 masspctNi austenitic alloy during heating at 1273 K (1000 °C) was investigated using manual/automatic scanning electron microscopy energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM/EDS). Two types of TiS morphologies, spindle and spherical, were maintained during heating. The molar ratio of Ti/S of TiS increased while the aspect ratio of TiS was maintained in both alloys during heating. The number density of TiN inclusions was low compared with TiS in each alloy during heating. The pinning effect of TiS during heating was confirmed, and was stronger in alloy with a larger volume fraction of TiS. The results contribute to the establishment of optimum heat treatment processes for austenitic stainless steel to obtain better pitting corrosion resistance.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11
Fig. 12


  1. 1.

    W. J. Liu and J. J. Jonas: Metall. Mater. Trans. A, 1989, vol. 20, pp. 689-97.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    S. Matsuda and N. Okumura: Tetsu-to-Hagané, 1976, vol. 9, pp. 1209-18.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    J. Moon, C. Lee, S. Uhm and J. Lee: Acta Materialia, 2006, vol. 54, pp. 1053-61.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    S. F. Medina, M. Chapa, P. Valles, A. Quispe and M. I. Vega: ISIJ Int., 1999, vol. 39, pp. 930-36.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    W. Choi, H. Matsuura and F. Tsukihashi: Metall. Mater. Trans. B, 2016, vol. 47, pp. 1851-57.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    N. Shimahashi, M. Izumi, Y. Sugawara and N. Hara: J. Electrochem. Soc., 2013, vol. 160, pp. 262-69.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    N. J. E. Dowling, C. Duret-Thual, G. Auclair, J. P. Audouard and P. Combrade: Corrosion, 1995, vol. 51, pp. 343-55.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    M. Li, H. Matsuura and F. Tsukihashi: Metall. Mater. Trans. B, 2017, vol. 48, pp. 1915-23.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    W. Choi, H. Matsuura and F. Tsukihashi: ISIJ Int., 2013, vol. 53, pp. 2007-12.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    M. Li, H. Matsuura and F. Tsukihashi: Mater. Charact., 2018, vol. 136, pp. 358-66.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    K. Inoue, I. Ohnuma, H. Ohtani, K. Ishida and T. Nishizawa: ISIJ Int., 1998, vol. 38, pp. 991-97.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    X. Yang, D. Vanderschueren, J. Dilewijns, C. Standaert and Y. Houbaert: ISIJ Int., 1996, vol. 36, pp. 1286-94.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    I. M. Lifshitz and V. V. Slyozov: J. Phys. Chem. Solids, 1961, vol. 19, pp. 35-50.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    C. Zener: quoted by C. Smith, Trans. AIME, 1948, vol. 175, pp. 15–51.

Download references


The authors are grateful to Professor Xiaojun Hu and Technician Dr. Huijing Cheng in State Key Laboratory of Advanced Metallurgy in University of Science and Technology of Beijing for their assistance on the analysis of automatic SEM-EDS.

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Fumitaka Tsukihashi.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Manuscript submitted June 7, 2019.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Li, M., Matsuura, H. & Tsukihashi, F. Evolution of TiS and TiN in Fe-40 MassPctNi Austenitic Alloy During Heating at 1273 K (1000 °C). Metall Mater Trans B 50, 2993–3001 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11663-019-01707-9

Download citation