Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B

, Volume 49, Issue 4, pp 1690–1698 | Cite as

Experimental Liquidus Studies of the Pb-Cu-Si-O System in Equilibrium with Metallic Pb-Cu Alloys

  • M. Shevchenko
  • S. Nicol
  • P. C. Hayes
  • E. Jak


Phase equilibria of the Pb-Cu-Si-O system have been investigated in the temperature range from 1073 K to 1673 K (800 °C to 1400 °C) for oxide liquid (slag) in equilibrium with solid Cu metal and/or liquid Pb-Cu alloy, and solid oxide phases: (a) quartz or tridymite (SiO2) and (b) cuprite (Cu2O). High-temperature equilibration on silica or copper substrates was performed, followed by quenching, and direct measurement of Pb, Cu, and Si concentrations in the liquid and solid phases using the electron probe X-ray microanalysis has been employed to accurately characterize the system in equilibrium with Cu or Pb-Cu metal. All results are projected onto the PbO-“CuO0.5”-SiO2 plane for presentation purposes. The present study is the first-ever systematic investigation of this system to describe the slag liquidus temperatures in the silica and cuprite primary phase fields.



The authors would like to thank Nyrstar (Australia), Outotec Pty Ltd (Australia), Aurubis AG (Germany), Umicore NV (Belgium), Kazzinc Ltd, Glencore (Kazakhstan), and Australian Research Council Linkage project LP150100783 for their financial supports for this research.


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pyrometallurgy Innovation Centre (PYROSEARCH)The University of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia

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