Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B

, Volume 49, Issue 3, pp 1322–1330 | Cite as

Transition of Blast Furnace Slag from Silicate Based to Aluminate Based: Density and Surface Tension

  • Zhiming Yan
  • Xuewei Lv
  • Zhengde Pang
  • Xueming Lv
  • Chenguang Bai


The effects of the Al2O3 concentration and Al2O3/SiO2 ratio on the density and surface tension of molten aluminosilicate CaO-SiO2-Al2O3-9 mass pct MgO-1 mass pct TiO2 slag were investigated at temperatures from 1723 K to 1823 K (1450 °C to 1550 °C) using the Archimedean method and the maximum bubble pressure (MBP) technique, respectively. The mechanism of the changes in density and surface tension with composition was analyzed from the viewpoint of the degree of polymerization in the structure and the types of oxygen species in the melts. At a fixed CaO/SiO2 ratio of 1.20, the density decreased with increasing Al2O3 content up to 25 mass pct, subsequently increasing. Increasing the Al2O3/SiO2 ratio from 0.47 to 0.92 caused an increase in the density at a fixed CaO content, and the density decreased slightly when the Al2O3/SiO2 ratio was greater than 0.92. Based on the structural information, the density decreased when the Al2O3 content enhanced the network structure and increased when the (Q2 + Q3)/(Q0 + Q1) ratio and structural complexity decreased. The surface tension increased with increasing Al2O3 content and Al2O3/SiO2 ratio. On the one hand, the surface-active component of SiO2 decreased; on the other hand, the concentration of [AlO4]5− tetrahedra and metal cations that act as charge compensators increased at the melt surface. A model based on the anionic and cationic radii and the Butler equation was employed to predict the surface tension, and an iso-surface tension diagram was obtained at 1773 K (1500 °C).



This study was supported by The National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51234010), Program for the Youth Top-notch Talents of Chongqing (Grant No. 20151001), and the China Scholarship Council.


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhiming Yan
    • 1
  • Xuewei Lv
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhengde Pang
    • 1
  • Xueming Lv
    • 1
  • Chenguang Bai
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Materials Science and EngineeringChongqing UniversityChongqingChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Mechanical TransmissionsChongqing UniversityChongqingChina

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