Investigation and Analytical Description of Acoustic Production by Magneto-Acoustic Mixing Technology

Abstract

Magneto-Acoustic Mixing Technology is a novel manufacturing method that combines two magnetic fields to produce high-intensity sonication for liquid-state materials processing. This method may be adapted to the manufacture of various materials that benefit from a combination of high temperature, magnetic fields, and acoustic energy. In this work, acoustic generation mechanisms are described in detail and found to be dependent on the skin depth of the induction currents. Analytical models of acoustic pressure are derived, based on two mutually exclusive vibration mechanisms, crucible and melt vibration. Additionally, grain size evidence of acoustic pressure distribution is presented as preliminary model validation.

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Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank Dr. Zachary L Bryan for his experimental support and Professors Curtis Taylor and Simon Phillpot for their thoughtful comments. The authors acknowledge support by the Advanced Manufacturing Office (AMO) in the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), as part of the Department of Energy (DOE). Facilities were provided by the Manufacturing Demonstration Facility (MDF) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under grant numbers DMR-0845868. The research sponsored was in part by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Advanced Manufacturing Office, under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 with UT-Battelle, LLC.

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Correspondence to Michele V. Manuel.

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Manuscript submitted May 4, 2014.

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Henderson, H.B., Rios, O., Ludtka, G.M. et al. Investigation and Analytical Description of Acoustic Production by Magneto-Acoustic Mixing Technology. Metall Mater Trans B 46, 2020–2027 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11663-015-0359-1

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Keywords

  • Cavitation
  • Acoustic Wave
  • Lorentz Force
  • High Magnetic Field
  • Eddy Current