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Order and Disorder in Amorphous and High-Entropy Materials

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Abstract

Order and disorder are important principles in materials science in which entropy is a measure of disorder in a system. For example, recently developed high-entropy alloys and amorphous alloys have drawn interest based on the ability to design their disorder to bring out different material characteristics. High-entropy alloys are controlled by chemical disorder, whereas amorphous alloys are governed by topological disorder. There is often a need to increase disorder or entropy in these materials to satisfy certain complex performance requirements. Here, we examine the roles of order, disorder, and entropy in amorphous and high-entropy alloys. Several key research topics are summarized, including high-entropy films, high-entropy ceramics, and high-entropy alloys. Moreover, there remain questions about the role of entropy stabilization in high-entropy ceramics. Here, we also report three novel porous light-weight high-entropy nitrides based on the NbTiAlSi system. Our findings clarify the general role of entropy in high-entropy ceramics.

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Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the financial support from the National Science Foundation of China (NSFC, Granted Nos. 51671020); Guangdong Basic and Applied Basic Research Foundation (2019B1515120020). P. K. L. acknowledges support from (1) the U.S. Army Office Project (W911NF-13-1-0438 and W911NF-19-2-0049) and program managers, Drs. Michael P. Bakas, David M. Stepp, and S. Mathaudhu and (2) the National Science Foundation (DMR-1611180 and 1809640) and program directors, Drs. Judith Yang, Gary Shiflet, and Diana Farkas. We thank Andrew Jackson, PhD, from Liwen Bianji, Edanz Group China (www.liwenbianji.cn/ac), for editing the English text of a draft of this manuscript.

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Manuscript submitted September 7, 2020; accepted March 13, 2021.

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Yan, X., Liaw, P.K. & Zhang, Y. Order and Disorder in Amorphous and High-Entropy Materials. Metall Mater Trans A 52, 2111–2122 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-021-06250-4

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