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Creep Behavior of a High-\(\gamma^{\prime}\) Ni-Based Superalloy Fabricated via Electron Beam Melting

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Abstract

Additive manufacturing enables the fabrication of complex engineering components previously inaccessible through traditional processes. Nickel-base superalloys with large \(\gamma^{\prime}\) volume fraction are typically considered non-weldable and therefore exhibit a propensity for cracking during the fusion process. These crack-prone materials, however, are of great importance in gas turbine engines due to their excellent high temperature creep resistance. In this study we investigate the creep behavior of IN738LC produced by the electron beam melting process. We find that with appropriate post-build heat treatment the creep response of material oriented in the build direction exhibits deformation and rupture behavior comparable to that of conventionally cast IN738 & IN738LC. In the transverse direction properties fall below the expected cast behavior, however, we argue this is likely due to differences in grain scale and crystallographic texture. It may be possible to coarsen the grain morphology with appropriate process-parameter optimization in order to reduce the severity of intergranular fracture in the transverse direction. These results illustrate that high temperature properties exhibited by additively manufactured IN738LC are suitable for the hot section of gas turbine engines.

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Acknowledgments

Research was sponsored by the US Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Advanced Manufacturing Office, and Office of Fossil Energy, Crosscutting Research Program, under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 with UT-Battelle LLC and performed in partiality at the Oak Ridge National Laboratorys Manufacturing Demonstration Facility, an Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy user facility.

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Correspondence to Patxi Fernandez-Zelaia.

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Manuscript submitted March 5, 2020; accepted October 30, 2020.

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Fernandez-Zelaia, P., Acevedo, O.D., Kirka, M.M. et al. Creep Behavior of a High-\(\gamma^{\prime}\) Ni-Based Superalloy Fabricated via Electron Beam Melting. Metall Mater Trans A 52, 574–590 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-020-06095-3

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