The effects of hot spinning and heat treatment on the microstructure, texture, and mechanical properties of A356 wheel hubs were studied. The results of the microstructure investigation show that the as-cast microstructure was broken and elongated after spinning, but the microstructure in the inner layer was not substantially streamlined. The results obtained for the eutectic Si particles reveal that they were partially cracked under the action of the spinning stress, resulting in a slight decrease in size. The spheroidization effect of heat treatment on the eutectic Si particles was significant. The results of texture research show that the original as-cast texture disappeared after spinning, and the subsequent heat treatment had an influence on the texture transformation. The distribution of the misorientation angle changed after hot spinning and heat treatment. The hardness results show that the hardness decreased slightly by spinning but increased with the subsequent heat treatment. Both spinning and heat treatment could improve the tensile strength, but the tensile strength of the inner layer was lower than that of the outer layer. The effect of the developed textures on the yield strength was explored by a comparison study using the Schmid Factor.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
1.W. M. Jiang, Z. T. Fan, D. J. Liu, D. F. Liao, X. P. Dong and X. M. Zong: Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2013, vol. 560, pp. 396-403.
2.B. Milkereit, H. Frock, C. Schick and O. Kessler: Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China, 2014, vol. 24, pp. 2025-2033.
3.Y. J. Zhang, N. H. Ma, Y. K. Le, S. C. Li and H. W. Wang: Mater. Lett., 2005, vol. 59, pp. 2174-2177.
4.S.C. Wang, C. Cai, K.H. Zheng, W.J. Qi: China Foundry, 2013, vol. 10, pp: 299-303.
5.M. J. Roy and D. M. Maijer: J. Mater. Process. Technol., 2015, vol. 226, pp. 188-204.
6.X. Y. Wu, H. R. Zhang, H. L. Chen, L. N. Jia and H. Zhang: China Foundry, 2017, vol. 14, pp. 138-44.
7.Y. C. Cheng, C. K. Lin, A. H. Tan, S. Y. Hsu and S. L. Lee: J. Mater. Eng. Perform., 2012, vol. 21, pp. 1873-78.
8.W. M. Zhao, X. F. Jia, Z. F. Wang, Z. G. Yin and G. Y. Xiong: Adv. Mater. Res., 2011,Vols. 189-193, pp. 4014-17.
9.Y. C. Cheng, C. K. Lin, A. H. Tan, J. C. Lin and S. L. Lee: Mater. Manuf. Process., 2010, vol. 25, pp. 689-95.
10.B. Dang, Y. B. Li, F. Liu, Q. Zuo and M. C. Liu: Mater. Des., 2014, vol. 57, pp. 73-78.
11.R. Gupta, A. Sharma, U. Pandel and L. Ratke: Int. J. Cast. Metals Res., 2017, vol. 30, pp. 283-92.
12.M. Zhu, Z. Y. Jian, G. C. Yang and Y. H. Zhou, Mater. Des., 2012, vol. 36, pp. 243-49.
13.V. H. Carneiro, H. Puga and J. Meireles: Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2018, vol. 729, pp. 1-8.
14.J. H. Peng, X. L. Tang, J. T. He and D. Y. Xu: Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China, 2011, vol. 21, pp. 1950-56.
15.M. Howeyze, A. R. Eivani, H. Arabi and H. R. Jafarian: Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2018, vol. 732, pp. 120-28.
Tajir, A., Y. Uematsu, T. Kakiuchi, Y. Tozaki, Y. Suzuki and A. Afrinaldi: Int. J. Fatigue, 2015, vol. 80, pp. 192-202.
17.S. S Zhao, X. P. Lin, Y. Dong, Y. Niu, D. Xu and H. Sun: Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2018, vol. 729, pp. 300-09.
18.K. Abib, J. A. M. Balanos, B. Alili and D. Bradai: Mater. Charact., 2016, vol. 112, pp. 252-58.
19.D. B. Shan, G. P. Yang and W. C. Xu: J. Mater. Process. Technol., 2009, vol. 209, pp. 5713-19.
20.M. G. Mueller, M. Fornabaio, G. Zagar and A. Mortensen: Acta Mater., 2016, vol. 105, pp. 165-75.
21.U. Patakham and C. Limmaneevichitr: J. Alloys Compd., 2014, vol. 616, pp. 198-207.
22.L. Yang, Y. B. Li, B. Dang, H. B. Lu and F. Liu: Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China, 2015, vol. 25, pp. 3189-96.
23.E. Ogris, A. Wahlen, H. Luchinger and P. J. Uggowitzer: J. Light Met., 2002, vol. 2, pp. 263-269.
24.Y. Birol: Mater. Sci. Eng. A., 2013, vol. 559, pp. 394-400.
25.M. S. Bhaskar and M. K. Surappa: Trans. Indian Inst. Met., 2019, vol. 72, pp. 849-57.
26.W. C. Liu, C. S. Man, D. Raabe and J. G. Morris: Scr. Mater., 2005, vol. 53, pp. 1273-77.
27.Y. C. Lin, X. Y. Wu, X. M. Chen, J. Chen, D. X. Wen, J. L. Zhang and L. T. Li: J. Alloys Compd., 2015, vol. 640, pp. 101-13.
28.Y. Birol: J. Alloys Compd., 2009, vol. 484, pp. 164-67.
29.J. B. Yu, Z. M. Ren, W. L. Ren, K. Deng and Y. B. Zhong: Acta Metall. Sin.-Engl. Lett., 2009, vol. 22, pp. 191-96.
30.G. Sha, H. Moller, W. E. Stumpf, J. H. Xia, G. Govender and S. P. Ringer: Acta Mater., 2012, vol. 60, pp. 692-701.
31.K. Buchanan, K. Colas, J. Ribis, A. Lopea, J. Garnier: Acta Mater., 2017, vol. 132, pp. 209-21.
32.Y. B. Chun, S. H. Ahn, D. H. Shin and S. K. Hwang: Mater. Sci. Eng. A., 2009, vol. 508, pp. 253-58.
33.P. Luo, D. T. McDonald, S. M. Zhu, S. Palanisamy, M. S. Dargusch and K. Xia: Mater. Sci. Eng. A., 2012, vol. 538, pp. 252-58.
34.O. R. Myhr, O. S. Hopperstad and T. Borvik: Metall. Mater. Trans. A, 2018, vol. 49A, pp. 3592-3609.
35.S. Birosca, F. Di Gioacchino, S. Stekovic and M. Hardy: Acta Mater., 2014, vol. 74, pp. 110-24.
36.S. M. Fatemi, A. Zarei-Hanzaki and J. M. Cabrera: Metall. Mater. Trans. A, 2017, vol. 48A, pp. 2563-73.
The authors appreciate financial support from the Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant 51275533, the State Key Laboratory of High-Performance Complex Manufacturing (Contract No. zzyjkt2013-10B), Central South University, China.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
Manuscript submitted June 13, 2019.
About this article
Cite this article
Huang, C., Liu, J. Effects of Hot Spinning and Heat Treatment on the Microstructure, Texture, and Mechanical Properties of A356 Wheel Hubs. Metall Mater Trans A 51, 289–298 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-019-05476-7