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Effects of Constituent Elements and Fabrication Methods on Mechanical Behavior of High-Entropy Alloys: A Review

Abstract

High-entropy alloys (HEAs) have become a research hotspot in recent years. The nature of the multi-principal elements, high mixing entropy, and mutual interactions between elements render this novel material outstanding mechanical and functional properties, in which most research efforts are focused on mechanical properties. There are many aspects that can influence the mechanical behavior, such as constituent elements and fabrication methods. This paper will mainly summarize and discuss the effects of constituent elements and fabrication techniques on the mechanical properties of HEAs, by reviewing relevant papers, to have a better understanding of the variation ranges resulting from the above two factors and the reasons for the properties changes. Future directions are provided at the end of this article.

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Acknowledgments

PKL would like to acknowledge the Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory (DE-FE-0008855, DE-FE-0024054), with Mr. V. Cedro and Mr. R. Dunst as program managers. ZL and PKL acknowledge the support from the Project of DE-FE-0011194 with the program manager, Dr. J. Mullen. PKL very much appreciates the support of the U.S. Army Research Office Project (W911NF-13-1-0438) with the program managers, Dr. M.P. Bakas and Dr. D.M. Stepp. PKL acknowledges the support from the National Science Foundation (DMR-1611180 and 1809640) with the program directors, Drs. G. Shiflet and D. Farkas. PKL would like to thank QuesTek Innovations, LLC (QuesTek) under the Award of No. DE-SC0013220 with Dr. J. Saal as the program manager. PKL is pleased to acknowledge the financial support by the Ministry of Science and Technology of Taiwan, under Grant No. of MOST 105-2221-E-007-017-MY3, and the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan. The authors very much appreciate the support of the Center for Materials Processing with Professor Claudia Rawn as the director. ZL very much appreciates the efforts of Mr. James Brechtl for grammar checking.

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Manuscript submitted October 27, 2017.

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Lyu, Z., Lee, C., Wang, SY. et al. Effects of Constituent Elements and Fabrication Methods on Mechanical Behavior of High-Entropy Alloys: A Review. Metall Mater Trans A 50, 1–28 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-018-4970-z

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