Effect of Pre-strain and High Stresses on the Bainitic Transformation of Manganese-boron Steel 22MnB5
During the last decade, the use of press-hardened components in the automotive industry has grown considerably. The so-called tailored tempering, also known as partial press hardening, employs locally heated tools seeking to obtain bainitic transformations. This leads to (seamless) zones within the formed parts with higher ductility. Due to the intrinsic nature of this process, phase transformations happen under the influence of high loads and in pre-deformed austenite. The austenite pre-strain state and applied stresses affect the kinetics of the bainitic transformation. Moreover, stresses have an additional relevant effect in this process, the so-called transformation plasticity. Linear transformation plasticity models have been successfully used to predict the behavior in the presence of low stresses. Nonetheless, because of the process’s severe conditions, these tend to fail. A strong nonlinearity of the transformation plasticity strain is observed for applied stresses above the austenite yield strength. Using thermomechanical tests on sheet specimens of a manganese-boron steel (22MnB5), widely utilized in the industry, the effect on the bainitic transformation of various degrees of deformation in the range of 0 to 18 pct, applied stresses in the range of 0 to 250 MPa and the transformation plasticity effect are investigated in this work.
This work was supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft under the priority program SPP 1713 “Strong coupling of thermo-chemical and thermo-mechanical states in applied materials,” project PressBain “Modeling bainitic transformations during press-hardening.” The authors thank ThyssenKrupp Steel Europe AG for providing the steel and Mingxuan Lin for the calculation of the chemical driving force.
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