Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A

, Volume 49, Issue 3, pp 972–978 | Cite as

Effects of Ultrasonic Nanocrystal Surface Modification on the Residual Stress, Microstructure, and Corrosion Resistance of 304 Stainless Steel Welds

  • Chang Ye
  • Abhishek Telang
  • Amrinder Gill
  • Xingshuo Wen
  • Seetha R. Mannava
  • Dong Qian
  • Vijay K. Vasudevan


In this study, ultrasonic nanocrystal surface modification (UNSM) of 304 stainless steel welds was carried out. UNSM effectively eliminates the tensile stress generated during welding and imparts beneficial compressive residual stresses. In addition, UNSM can effectively refine the grains and increase hardness in the near-surface region. Corrosion tests in boiling MgCl2 solution demonstrate that UNSM can significantly improve the corrosion resistance due to the compressive residual stresses and changes in the near-surface microstructure.



The authors are grateful for financial support to this research by the Nuclear Energy University Program (NEUP) of the US Department of Energy Contract #102835 issued under Prime Contract DE-AC07-05ID14517 to Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC. The authors also would like to thank the National Science Foundation (Grant # DMR-0706161, CMMI-1335204, 1334538) for financial support to this research. The authors gratefully acknowledge the contribution of the State of Ohio, Department of Development and Third Frontier Commission, which provided funding in support of project: “Ohio Center for Laser Shock Processing for Advanced Materials and Devices,” and the permission to avail the experimental and computational equipment facility in the Center to carry out this work. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in these documents are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the DOE, NSF, State of Ohio, the Department of Development.


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chang Ye
    • 1
  • Abhishek Telang
    • 2
  • Amrinder Gill
    • 2
  • Xingshuo Wen
    • 2
  • Seetha R. Mannava
    • 2
  • Dong Qian
    • 3
  • Vijay K. Vasudevan
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of AkronAkronUSA
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical and Materials EngineeringUniversity of CincinnatiCincinnatiUSA
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of Texas at DallasRichardsonUSA

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