Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A

, Volume 46, Issue 7, pp 3052–3062 | Cite as

Microstructures, Mechanical Properties, and Strain Hardening Behavior of an Ultrahigh Strength Dual Phase Steel Developed by Intercritical Annealing of Cold-Rolled Ferrite/Martensite



A dual phase (DP) steel was produced by a new process utilizing an uncommon cold-rolling and subsequent intercritical annealing of a martensite–ferrite duplex starting structure. Ultrafine grained DP steels with an average grain size of about 2 μm and chain-networked martensite islands were achieved by short intercritical annealing of the 80 pct cold-rolled duplex microstructure. The strength of the low carbon steel with the new DP microstructure was reached about 1300 MPa (140 pct higher than that of the as-received state, e.g., 540 MPa), without loss of ductility. Tensile testing revealed good strength–elongation balance for the new DP steels (UTS × UE ≈ 11,000 to 15,000 MPa pct) in comparison with the previous works and commercially used high strength DP steels. Two strain hardening stages with comparable exponents were observed in the Holloman analysis of all DP steels. The variations of hardness, strength, elongation, and strain hardening behavior of the specimens with thermomechanical parameters were correlated to microstructural features.


Ferrite Martensite Ultimate Tensile Strength Dual Phase Steel Ferrite Matrix 


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Materials EngineeringIsfahan University of TechnologyIsfahanIran
  2. 2.Faculty of EngineeringBu-Ali Sina UniversityHamedanIran

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