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Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A

, Volume 46, Issue 6, pp 2718–2725 | Cite as

Mechanism of Mechanically Induced Nanocrystallization of Amorphous FINEMET Ribbons During Milling

  • T. GheiratmandEmail author
  • H. R. Madaah Hosseini
  • P. Davami
  • G. Ababei
  • M. Song
Article

Abstract

Melt-spun FINEMET amorphous ribbons were milled for different periods up to 65 minutes. The effect of milling time on the structure has been investigated using X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. The results showed that partial crystallization of the amorphous powder occurs during milling. Transmission electron microscope observations confirmed that an α-Fe(Si) phase with a mean crystallite size of ~9 nm nucleates inhomogenously on the plastically deformed regions. Differential scanning calorimetry analysis indicated that under high-energy vibrational milling, the Fe23B6 phase becomes unstable, and Fe2B and Fe3B phases could form instead in the amorphous matrix. Gibbs free energy calculations explained the increase of crystalline phases’ nucleation rates under the high pressures resulting from the mechanical milling impacts.

Keywords

Milling Shear Band Amorphous Alloy Amorphous Matrix Mechanical Milling 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank Dr E. Devlin of the Institute of nanoscience and nanotechnology, NCSR Demokritos, Athens, Greece.

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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Gheiratmand
    • 1
    Email author
  • H. R. Madaah Hosseini
    • 1
  • P. Davami
    • 1
  • G. Ababei
    • 2
  • M. Song
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringSharif University of TechnologyTehranIran
  2. 2.National Institute of Research & Development for Technical PhysicsIasiRomania
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory of Powder MetallurgyCentral South UniversityChangshaP.R. China

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