Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A

, Volume 36, Issue 7, pp 1769–1775 | Cite as

Interdiffusion behavior of Pt-modified γ-Ni + γ′-Ni3Al alloys coupled to Ni-Al-based alloys

  • Shigenari Hayashi
  • Wen Wang
  • Daniel J. Sordelet
  • Brian Gleeson


The effect of platinum addition on the interdiffusion behavior of γ-Ni + γ′-Ni3Al alloys was studied by using diffusion couples comprised of a Ni-Al-Pt alloy mated to a Ni-Al, Ni-Al-Cr, or Ni-based commercial alloy. The commercial alloys studied were CMSX-4 and CMSX-10. Diffusion annealing was at 1150 °C for up to 100 hours. An Al-enriched γ′-layer often formed in the interdiffusion zone of a given couple during diffusion annealing due to the uphill diffusion of Al. This uphill diffusion was ascribed to Pt addition decreasing the chemical activity of aluminum in the γ + γ′ alloys. For a given diffusion couple end member, the thickening kinetics of the γ′ layer that formed increased with increasing Pt content in the Ni-Al-Pt γ + γ′ alloy. The γ′-layer thickening kinetics in diffusion couples with Cr showed less of a dependence on Pt concentration. Inference of a negative effect of Pt and positive effect of Cr on the Al diffusion in this system enabled explanation of the observed interdiffusion behaviors. There was no or minimal formation of detrimental topologically close-packed (TCP) phases in the interdiffusion zone of the couples with CMSX-4 or CMSX-10. An overlay Pt-modified γ + γ′ coating on CMSX-4 showed excellent oxidation resistance when exposed to air for 1000 hours at 1150 °C. Moreover, the Al content in the coating was maintained at a relatively high level due to Al replenishment from the CMSX-4 substrate.


Material Transaction Diffusion Couple Bond Coat Interdiffusion Zone Interdiffusion Flux 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    M. Peters, C. Leyens, U. Schulz, and W.A. Kaysser: Adv. Eng. Mater., 2001, vol. 3, pp. 193–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    D.R. Clarke and C.G. Levi: Annu. Rev. Mater. Res., 2003, vol. 33, pp. 383–417.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    V.K. Tolpygo, D.R. Clarke, and K.S. Murphy: Surf. Coating Technol., 2001, vols. 146–147, pp. 124–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Y.H. Sohn, J.H. Kim, E.H. Jordan, and M. Gell: Surf. Coating Technol., 2001, vol. 146–147, pp. 70–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    A.G. Evans, M.Y. He, and J.W. Hutchinson: Progr. Mater. Sci., 2001, vol. 46, pp. 249–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M. Gell, K. Vaidyanathan, B. Barber, J. Cheng, and E. Jordan: Metall. Mater. Trans. A, 1999, vol. 30A, pp. 427–35.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    V.K. Tolpygo and D.R. Clarke: Acta Mater., 2000, vol. 48, pp. 3283–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    R. Panat, S. Zhang, and K.J. Hsia: Acta Mater., 2003, vol. 51, pp. 239–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Y. Zhang, J.A. Haynes, B.A. Pint, I.G. Wright, and W.Y. Lee: Surf. Coating Technol., 2003, vols. 163–164, pp. 19–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    J.H. Chen and J.A. Little: Surf. Coating Technol., 1997, vol. 92, pp. 69–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Y.H. Zhang, D.M. Knowles, and P.J. Withers: Surf. Coating Technol., 1998, vol. 107, pp. 76–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. R. Nicholls: MRS Bull., 2003, vol. 28, pp. 659–670.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    B. Gleeson, W. Wang, S. Hayashi, and D. Sordelet: Iowa State University, Ames, IA, unpublished research, 2003.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    B. Gleeson, W. Wang, S. Hayashi, and D. Sordelet: Mater. Sci. Forum, 2004, vols. 461–464, pp. 213–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    A.G. Guy and C.B. Smith: Trans. ASM, 1962, vol. 55, pp. 1–9.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    J.S. Kirkaldy and D.J. Young: Diffusion in the Condensed State, Institute of Metals, London, 1987, pp. 127–71.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    J.S. Kirkaldy: in Advances in Materials Research, H. Herman, ed., Wiley, New York, NY, 1970, vol. 4, pp. 55–100.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    E. Copland: NASA/CR-2005-213330, NASA, Cleveland, OH, 2005, pp. 1–28.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    S. Hayashi, W. Wang, D. Sordelet, L.R. Walker, and B. Gleeson: Iowa State University, Ames, IA, unpublished research, 2003.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    N.C. Oforka and B.B. Argent: J. Less-Common Met., 1985, vol. 114, pp. 97–109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    J.A. Nesbit and R.W. Heckel: Metall. Trans. A, 1987, vol. 18A, pp. 2075–86.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ASM International & TMS-The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shigenari Hayashi
    • 1
  • Wen Wang
    • 2
  • Daniel J. Sordelet
    • 3
  • Brian Gleeson
    • 3
  1. 1.the Research Group of Interface Control Engineering, Graduate School of EngineeringHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan
  2. 2.the State Key Laboratory for Corrosion and Protection, Institute of Metal ResearchChinese Academy of SciencesShenyangP.R. China
  3. 3.the Department of Materials Science and EngineeringIowa State UniversityArnes

Personalised recommendations