Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A

, Volume 36, Issue 7, pp 1653–1660 | Cite as

Stress and strain localization three-dimensional modeling for particle-reinforced metal matrix composites

  • H. Shen
  • C. J. Lissenden


The ductility of particle-reinforced metal matrix composites (PR MMCs) is reduced by the localization of stress and strain, which is exacerbated by microstructural heterogeneity, especially particle clustering. Herein, the effect of particle distribution on the macroscopic and microscopic response has been studied using three distinct types of three-dimensional (3D) finite-element model: a repeating unit cell, a multiparticle model, and a clustered particle model. While the repeating unit cell model represents a cubic periodic array of particles, the multiparticle model represents a random distribution of particles contained in a cube of matrix material, and the clustered particle model represents an artificially clustered distribution of particles. These models were used to study the macroscopic tensile stress-strain response as well as the underlying stress and strain fields. The results indicate that a clustered microstructure leads to a stiffer response with more hardening than that of random and periodic microstructures. Plastic flow and hydrostatic stress localization in the matrix and maximum principal stress localization in the particles are significantly higher in the clustered microstructure. Damage is expected to initiate in the cluster regions leading to low ductility.


Material Transaction Hydrostatic Stress Equivalent Plastic Strain Maximum Principal Stress Particle Volume Fraction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© ASM International & TMS-The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Shen
    • 2
  • C. J. Lissenden
    • 1
  1. 1.the Department of Engineering Science and MechanicsPennsylvania State UniversityUniversity Park
  2. 2.Dept. of Mechanical EngngNorthwestern UniversityEvanston

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