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Two-phase modeling of mushy zone parameters associated with hot tearing

Abstract

A two-phase continuum model for an isotropic mushy zone is presented. The model is based upon the general volume-averaged conservation equations, and quantities associated with hot tearing are included, i.e., after-feeding of the liquid melt due to solidification shrinkage is taken into account as well as thermally induced deformation of the solid phase. The model is implemented numerically for a one-dimensional model problem with some similarities to the aluminium direct chill (DC) casting process. The variation of some key parameters that are known to influence the hot-tearing tendency is then studied. The results indicate that both liquid pressure drop due to feeding difficulties and tensile stress caused by thermal contraction of the solid phase are necessary for the formation of hot tears. Based upon results from the one-dimensional model, it is furthermore concluded that none of the hot-tearing criteria suggested in the literature are able to predict the variation in hot-tearing susceptibility resulting from a variation in all of the following parameters: solidification interval, cooling contraction of the solid phase, casting speed, and liquid fraction at coherency.

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Farup, I., Mo, A. Two-phase modeling of mushy zone parameters associated with hot tearing. Metall Mater Trans A 31, 1461–1472 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-000-0264-2

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Keywords

  • Material Transaction
  • Liquid Fraction
  • Mushy Zone
  • Liquid Pressure
  • Casting Speed