Utilité de l’évaluation isocinétique excentrique au niveau du genou

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Résumé

L’évaluation isocinétique excentrique s’est développée ces dernières années au niveau du genou pour se rapprocher des mouvements fonctionnels. Afin de réaliser les tests isocinétiques excentriques correctement, les limites et les effets adverses doivent être connus des utilisateurs. Malgré une fiabilité correcte, peu d’indications sont encore validées. Seules les lésions musculaires des ischiojambiers sont correctement évaluées par les tests excentriques qui apportent un plus par comparaison aux tests concentriques. L’utilisation des ratios mixtes excentrique-concentrique permet de prédire plus facilement la survenue de ces lésions.

Mots clés

Excentrique Isocinétique Genou Muscle Ischiojambiers 

Utility of the knee eccentric-isokinetic assessment

Abstract

Knee eccentric-isokinetic evaluation was developed from last years to get closer to functional movements. To carry out eccentric isokinetic testing correctly, the limits and adverse effects have to be known from users. In spite of a correct reliability, few indications are still validated. The only ones, the hamstring muscle injuries are correctly estimated by eccentric isokinetic testing with regard to the concentric isokinetic testing. The eccentric-concentric mixed ratio allows to predict more easily these injuries.

Keywords

Eccentric Isokinetic Knee Muscle Hamstring 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CHU Nantes, service de médecine physique et réadaptation locomotricehôpital Saint JacquesNantes cedex 1France

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