Isocinétisme : le travail musculaire excentrique

  • P. Middleton
  • E. Gaujard
  • H. Petit
  • A. Guillermo
  • M. -C. Vidal
  • I. Bientz
  • P. Monguillot
Article Original / Original Article

Résumé

Le travail musculaire excentrique est mieux connu aujourd’hui. Il est peu exigeant sur le plan énergétique. Il favorise la cicatrisation tissulaire et améliore la résistance à l’étirement du complexe musculotendineux. Le travail excentrique sous-maximal à vitesse lente renforce l’action inhibitrice des organes tendineux de Golgi sur le tonus musculaire. La réalisation de protocoles quantifiés et contrôlés sur dynamomètre isocinétique tenant compte des dangers potentiels sur le muscle et le tendon peut être proposée dans de nombreuses indications: lésions musculaires, tendineuses, ligamentaires, renforcement musculaire, instabilité fonctionnelle, hypertonie musculaire et raideur articulaire.

Mots clés

Isocinétique Travail excentrique Renforcement musculaire Gain d’amplitude Spasticité 

Isokinetic: eccentric muscular work

Abstract

Today, more is known about eccentric muscle actions. They require very little energy to perform. They promote tissue healing and improve resistance to stretching of the musculotendinous complex. Slow speed, sub-maximum eccentric actions reinforce the inhibiting action of the Golgi organs on muscle tone. Performing quantified and controlled isokinetic dynamometer assessments, taking into account the potential risks to the muscle and tendon, may be proposed in certain indications: muscle, tendon and ligament damage, increasing muscle strength, functional instability, muscular hypertonia and joint stiffness.

Keywords

Isokinetic Eccentric work Range of motion Spasticity 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Middleton
    • 1
  • E. Gaujard
    • 1
  • H. Petit
    • 1
  • A. Guillermo
    • 1
  • M. -C. Vidal
    • 1
  • I. Bientz
    • 1
  • P. Monguillot
    • 1
  1. 1.Clinique Korian Les-Grands-ChênesBordeauxFrance

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