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Herbal Medicine in Ischemic Stroke: Challenges and Prospective

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Abstract

Herbal medicines, mainly of plant source, are invaluable source for the discovery of new therapeutic agents for all sorts of human ailments. The complex pathogenesis of stroke and multifactorial effect of herbal medicine and their active constituents may suggest the promising future of natural medicine for stroke treatment. Anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic, neuroprotective and vascular protective effect of herbal medicines are believed to be efficacious in stroke treatment. Herbs typically have fewer reported side effects than allopathic medicine, and may be safer to use over longer period of time. Herbal medicines are believed to be more effective for the longstanding health complaints, such as stroke. Several medicinal plants and their active constituents show the promising results in laboratory research. However failure in transformation of laboratory animal research to the clinical trials has created huge challenge for the use of herbal medicine in stroke. Until and unless scientifically comprehensive evidence of the efficacy and safety of herbal medicine in ischemic stroke patients is available, efforts should be made to continue implementing treatment strategies of proven effectiveness. More consideration should be paid to natural compounds that can have extensive therapeutic time windows, perfect pharmacological targets with few side effects. Herbal medicine has excellent prospective for the treatment of ischemic stroke, but a lot of effort should be invested to transform the success of animal research to human use.

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Correspondence to Bhakta Prasad Gaire.

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11655_2018_2828_MOESM1_ESM.pdf

Appendix 1. Neuroprotective Effects of Well-Known Medicinal Plants/Phytochemicals and Their Mechanism of Action in Stroke

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Gaire, B.P. Herbal Medicine in Ischemic Stroke: Challenges and Prospective. Chin. J. Integr. Med. 24, 243–246 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11655-018-2828-2

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11655-018-2828-2

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