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Chemical Composition, Anticancer, Anti-neuroinflammatory, and Antioxidant Activities of the Essential Oil of Patrinia scabiosaefolia

Abstract

Objective

To study the chemical composition, anticancer, anti-neuroinflflammatory, and antioxidant activities of the essential oil of Patrinia scabiosaefolia (EO-PS).

Methods

Patrinia scabiosaefolia was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Eight human carcinoma cell lines, including SGC-7901, AGS, HepG2, HT-29, HCT-8, 5-FU/HCT-8, HeLa, and MDA-MB-231, were assessed by methylthiazolyldiphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Anti-neuroinflflammatory activity was assessed by production of interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-6 induced by lipopolysaccharide in BV-2 cells (microglia from mice). The antioxidant activity was evaluated with a 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) scavenging assay.

Results

Forty-four components, representing 83.919% of the total oil, were identifified in the EO-PS. The major constituents were caryophyllene oxide (12.802%), caryophyllene (6.909%), α-caryophyllene (2.927%), β-damascenone (3.435%), calarene (5.621%), and phenol (3.044%). The MTT assay showed that the EO-PS exhibited significant dose-dependent growth inhibition in the 50–200 μg/mL dilution range. The EO-PS exhibited a dose-dependent scavenging activity against the DPPH radical, with an half of maximal inhibitory concentration 1.455 mg/mL.

Conclusions

The EO-PS possesses a wide range of antitumor, anti-neuroinflflammatory and antioxidant activities, suggesting that it may be a good candidate for further investigations of new bioactive substances.

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Corresponding author

Correspondence to Jun Peng.

Additional information

Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81403390), the Provincial Natural Science Foundation of Fujian (No. 2014J01352 and No. 2014J01360), Provincial Health Department Foundation of Fujian (No. 2013-2-55), Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine Key Discipline Construction Foundation (Nos. X2012012, X2013014, X2013015, X2014132 and X2015020)

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Lin, J., Cai, Qy., Xu, W. et al. Chemical Composition, Anticancer, Anti-neuroinflammatory, and Antioxidant Activities of the Essential Oil of Patrinia scabiosaefolia. Chin. J. Integr. Med. 24, 207–212 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11655-016-2459-4

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Keywords

  • Patrinia scabiosaefolia
  • essential oil
  • anti-neuroinflflammatory
  • anticancer
  • antioxidant
  • caryophyllene oxide