Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine

, Volume 23, Issue 3, pp 201–207 | Cite as

Comparative effect of propolis of honey bee and some herbal extracts on Candida albicans

  • Shahin GavanjiEmail author
  • Behrouz Larki
Original Article



To determine the effect of propolis on Candida albicans and to compare it with the effects of some other herbal extracts and antibiotics on this pathogenic fungi.


The extracts of propolis, Thymus vulgaris, Caryophillium aromaticus, Echinophora platyloba, Allium cepa and Cinnamomum zeylanicum were prepared and the antifungi effects of the extracts were examined on Candida albicans ATCC10231 using disc-diffusion assay and micro-broth dilution. The minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC) and minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) as well as inhibition zone were evaluated and the anti fungi effects of herbal extracts were compared with amphotricin B and nystatin at the times of 24, 48 and 72 h. Data analysis was performed using t test.


Obtained results showed that propolis extract with MIC90 and MFC equal to 39 and 65 μg/mL, respectively, possess the highest antifungal activity when compared with other studied extracts. The extracts of Allium cepa and Thymus vulgaris, with MFC of 169 and 137 μg/mL, respectively, showed the lowest effects on the fungi. Also nystatin and amphotricin B yielded better effects on the tested fungi compared with the effects of all studied extracts on Candida albicans.


Propolis extract is effective in controlling Candida albicans. However, the issue requires further investigation on samples in animals and performing toxicological examinations.


Candida albicans propolis herbal extract antibiotics 


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The authors would like to express their appreciation to Islamic Azad University of Khorasgan Branch for the valuable supports.


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Copyright information

© Chinese Association of the Integration of Traditional and Western Medicine and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Young Researchers and Elite Club, Isfahan (Khorasgan) BranchIslamic Azad UniversityIsfahanIran

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