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Acta Geochimica

, Volume 37, Issue 3, pp 360–383 | Cite as

Geochemistry and geochronology of Late Jurassic and Early Cretaceous intrusions related to some Au (Sb) deposits in southern Anhui: a case study and review

  • Qing Hu
  • Huangling Gu
  • Xiaoyong Yang
  • Yisu Ren
  • Ergen Gao
  • Zhangxing Nie
Original Article

Abstract

Some Au deposits in southern Anhui Province have recently been found to be closely associated with Late Mesozoic intrusions. Typical examples include the Huashan Au (Sb) deposit and Au deposits at Zhaojialing, Wuxi, and Liaojia. In order to understand the mechanisms that led the formation of these Au deposits, we make detailed reviews on the geological characteristics of these Au deposits. Specifically, we present new LA-ICP-MS zircon U–Pb dating, along with elemental and Hf isotopic data from the Huashan Au (Sb) deposit. Our data suggests that the Huashan ore-related intrusions were emplaced during the Late Jurassic and Early Cretaceous periods (144–148 Ma). They are characterized by arc-magma features and high oxygen fugacity and are rich in inherited zircons. Zircon U–Pb ages and Lu–Hf isotopes from intrusions suggest that Proterozoic juvenile lithosphere is the main source of these intrusions. The regional geological history implies that lithosphere beneath southern Anhui was produced during a Proterozoic subduction and was fertilized with Au (Cu) in the process. Integrated with the results of previous studies, we inferred that Late Mesozoic intrusions formed by the remelting of the lithosphere could provide the metal endowment for the Au-rich deposits in southern Anhui.

Keywords

Yanshannian magmatism Subduction-modified lithosphere Au (Sb) deposits Southern Anhui South China 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study is supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2016YFC0600404), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 41372087, 41673040, 41174043), and the Project of Geological Science and Technology of Anhui Province (2014-K-04, 2016-K-1). We wish to thank Dr. Fangyue Wang for his assistance during the zircon U–Pb dating analyses and Dr. Lei Liu for his help on the zircon Lu–Hf analyses.

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Geochemistry, CAS and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qing Hu
    • 1
  • Huangling Gu
    • 1
  • Xiaoyong Yang
    • 1
  • Yisu Ren
    • 1
  • Ergen Gao
    • 2
  • Zhangxing Nie
    • 3
  1. 1.CAS Key Laboratory of Crust-Mantle Materials and Environments, School of Earth and Space SciencesUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaHefeiChina
  2. 2.College of Civil EngineeringAnhui Jianzhu UniversityHefeiChina
  3. 3.No. 311 Geological TeamAnhui Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources ExplorationAnqingChina

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