Journal of Thermal Science

, 18:382 | Cite as

Characterization and effect of using Mahua oil biodiesel as fuel in compression ignition engine

Article

Abstract

There is an increasing interest in India, to search for suitable alternative fuels that are environment friendly. This led to the choice of Mahua Oil (MO) as one of the main alternative fuels to diesel. In this investigation, Mahua Oil Biodiesel (MOB) and its blend with diesel were used as fuel in a single cylinder, direct injection and compression ignition engine. The MOB was prepared from MO by transesterification using methanol and potassium hydroxide. The fuel properties of MOB are close to the diesel and confirm to the ASTM standards. From the engine test analysis, it was observed that the MOB, B5 and B20 blend results in lower CO, HC and smoke emissions as compared to diesel. But the B5 and B20 blends results in higher efficiency as compared to MOB. Hence MOB or blends of MOB and diesel (B5 or B20) can be used as a substitute for diesel in diesel engines used in transportation as well as in the agriculture sector.

Keywords

Alternative fuel mahua oil biodiesel engine performance 

References

  1. [1]
    Subramanian, K. A, Singal, S. K, Mukesh Saxena, Sudhir Singhal.: Utilization of liquid biofuels in automotive diesel engines: An Indian perspective, Journal of Biomass and Bioenergy, vol. 29, pp. 65–72, (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Mohibbe Azam, Amtul, Nahar N. M.: Prospects and potential of fatty acid methyl esters of some non-traditional seed oils for used as biodiesel in India, Journal of Biomass and Bioenergy, vol.29, pp.293–302, (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    Jamieson G. S.: Vegetable Fats and Oils, Reinhold Publishing Corporation, New York, pp 134–141, (1943)Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Duke J. A, Bagby M. O.: Comparison of Oilseed Yields: A preliminary review in Vegetable Oil Fuels, ASAE Publication, ASAE, St.Joseph, M.I., USA, (1982)Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Bringi N. V.: Non traditional Oil Seed and Oils of India”, Oxford and IBH Publishing Company Pvt Ltd, New Delhi, India, p 57, (1987)Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    Meher L C, Vidya Sagar, Naik S N.: Technical aspects of biodiesel production by transesterification-a review. Journal of renewable and sustainable energy reviews, 10:248–268, (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    Shashikant Ghadge, Hifjur Raheman.: Biodiesel production from mahua oil having high free fatty acids, Journal of Biomass and Bioenergy, vol.28(6), pp 601–605, (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    Kapilan N, Reddy. R.P.: Evaluation of methyl esters of mahua oil (Madhuca Indica) as Diesel Fuel, Journal of American Oil Chemists’ Society, vol.85(2), pp.185–188, (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    www.enginemanufacturers.org (browsed 10th September 2008)

Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Engineering Thermophysics, CAS and Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringNITKSurathkal, MangaloreINDIA

Personalised recommendations