Safeguarding plants as seeds in ex situ collections is a cost effective element in an integrated plant conservation approach. The European Alps are a regional centre of plant diversity. Six institutions have established a regional network covering the European Alps which will conserve at least 500 priority plant species and which will improve the conservation status of plant species in grassland communities in the subalpine, alpine and nival altitudinal belts. Targeted research will expand the knowledge of the ecology of target species. Public engagement activities will raise the awareness for the importance of specific conservation actions in the European Alps.
This is a preview of subscription content,to check access.
Access this article
Aeschimann D, Rasolofo N, Theurillat JP (2011a) Analysis of the flora of the Alps. 1: history and biodiversity. Candollea 66 (1): 27–55. (In French) DOI: 10.15553/c2011v661a2
Aeschimann D, Rasolofo N, Theurillat JP (2011b) Analysis of the flora of the Alps. 2: biodiversity and chorology. Candollea 66 (2): 225–253. (In French) DOI: 10.15553/c2011v662a1
Aeschimann D, Rasolofo N, Theurillat JP (2012) Analysis of the flora of the Alps. 4: ecology. Candollea 67: 193–219. (In French) DOI: 10.15553/c2012v672a1
Aeschimann D, Rasolofo N, Theurillat JP (2013) Analysis of the flora of the Alps. 5: habitats and phytosociology. Candollea 68: 5–27. (In French) DOI: 10.15553/c2013v681a1
Convention on Biological Diversity (2011) Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization to the Convention on Biological Diversity. Text and Annex, Convention on Biological Diversity: Montreal, Canada. p 25.
Convention on Biological Diversity (2012) Global Strategy for Plant Conservation: 2011–2020. Botanic Gardens Conservation International: Richmond, UK. (Available online at:http://www.plants2020.net/files/Plants2020/GSPCbrochure /gspc_english.pdf, accessed on 2 August 2016)
Corlett RT (2016) Plant diversity in a changing world: status, trends, and conservation needs. Plant Diversity 38 (1): 10–16. DOI: 10.1016/j.pld.2016.01.001
European Environmental Agency (2009) Regional climate change and adaptation: the Alps facing the challenge of changing water resources. EEA Report No. 8/2009. (Available online at: http://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/alps-climate-change-and-adaptation-2009, accessed on 2 August 2016)
ENSCONET (2009a) ENSCONET seed collecting manual for wild species. European Native Seed Conservation Network. (Available online at: http://ensconet.maich.gr/PDF/Collecting_protocol_English.pdf, accessed on 12 September 2016)
ENSCONET (2009b) ENSCONET Curation Guidelines and Recommendations. (Available online at: http://ensconet. maich.gr/Download.htm, accessed on 2 August 2016)
Erschbamer B, Virtanen R, Nagy L (2003) The Impacts of Vertebrate Grazers on Vegetation in European High Mountains. In: Nagy L, Grabherr G, Körner C, Thompson DBA (eds), Ecological Studies 167: Alpine Biodiversity in Europe. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York. pp 377–396.
Erschbamer B, Unterluggauer P, Winkler E, Mallaun M (2011) Changes in plant species diversity revealed by long-term monitoring on mountain summits in the Dolomites (Northern Italy). Preslia 83: 387–401. DOI: http://www.preslia.cz/P113Erschbamer.pdf
European Commission (2009) Composite Report on the Conservation Status of Habitat Types and Species as required under Article 17 of the Habitats Directive, Report COM (2009) 358 final. (Available online at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legalcontent/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:52009DC0358&from=E N, accessed on 12 September 2016)
European Commission (2015) The state of nature in the European Union. Report on the status of and trends for habitat types and species covered by the Birds and Habitats Directives for the 2007-2012 period as required under Article 17 of the Habitats Directive and Article 12 of the Birds Directive. (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:52015DC0219&qid=1490269190365&from =EN)
Gottfried M, Pauli H, Futschik A, et al. (2012) Continent-wide response of mountain vegetation to climate change. Nature Climate Change 2: 111–115. DOI: 10.1038/nclimate1329
Hawkins B, Sharrock S, Havens K (2008) Plants and climate change: which future? Botanic Gardens Conservation International, Richmond, UK. p 98.
Körner Ch (2003) Alpine Plant Life. Functional Plant Ecology of High Mountain Ecosystems. 2nd edition. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York. p 344.
Merritt DJ, Dixon KW (2011) Restoration seed banks–a matter of scale. Science 332: 424–425. DOI: 10.1126/science.1203083
Mondoni A, Rossi G, Orsenigo S, Probert RJ (2012) Climate warming could shift the timing of seed germination in alpine plants. Annals of Botany 110 (1): 155–164. DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcs097
OFEV (2006) Status of the biodiversity in Switzerland. Status of the environment no 0604. Office fédéral de l’environnement, Bern, Switzerland. p 67. (In French)
Offord CA, McKensy ML, Cuneo PV (2004) Critical review of threatened species collections in the New South Wales Seedbank: Implications for ex situ conservation of biodiversity. Pacific Conservation Biology 10: 221–236. DOI: 10.1071/PC040221
Ozenda P, Borel JL. (2003) The Alpine Vegetation of the Alps. In: Nagy L, Grabherr G, Körner C, Thompson DBA (eds), Ecological Studies 167: Alpine Biodiversity in Europe. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York., pp 53–64.
Pauli H, Gottfried M, Dullinger S, et al. (2012) Recent Plant Diversity Changes on Europe’s Mountain Summits. Science: 336: 353–355. DOI: 10.1126/science.1219033
Schleicher-Tappeser R (2006) The role of the Alps in an integrating Europe: Frameworks for prospective debate. Revue de géographie alpine 94 (2): 21–32. DOI: 10.3406/rga.2006. 2392
Sharrock S, Jones M (2011) Saving Europe’s threatened flora: progress towards GSPC Target 8 in Europe. Biodiversity and Conservation 20: 325–333. DOI: 10.1007/s10531-010-9912-z
Smith RD, Dickie JB, Linington SH, et al. (2003) Seed Conservation: turning science into practice. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, United Kingdom. p 1023.
WWF (2004) The Alps: a unique natural heritage. Frankfurt, WWF. p 16.
WWF, IUCN (1994) Centres of plant diversity. A guide and strategy for their conservation. Volume 1. Europe, Africa, South West Asia and the Middle East. IUCN Publications Unit, Cambridge, UK. p 354
The Alpine Seed Conservation and Research Network is part of the Alpine Plant Conservation & Research Programme, which is managed by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and which receives funding from the David and Claudia Harding Foundation to ensure the survival of endangered plants and habitats in the European Alps. This is Programme publication no. 1.
About this article
Cite this article
Müller, J.V., Berg, C., Détraz-Méroz, J. et al. The Alpine Seed Conservation and Research Network - a new initiative to conserve valuable plant species in the European Alps. J. Mt. Sci. 14, 806–810 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-016-4313-8