Journal of Mountain Science

, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp 549–557 | Cite as

Dating of the topmost terrace in the Jingxian Basin, Anhui Province: an indication of the establishment of the Qingyijiang River

  • Chun-sheng Hu
  • Chen-qi Hu
  • Shao-chen Liu
  • Guang-lai Xu
  • Li Wu
  • Li-hui Yang


On the northern fringe of Mt. Huangshan, many river terraces are developed at the junction between mountains and plains. The river terraces are most typical in the Jingxian Basin, Anhui Province, where the Qingyijiang River, one of the longest tributaries of the lower Yangtze River, developed three staircase terraces. The topmost terrace (i.e., the T3 terrace) tread is 38 - 39 m above river level, and the top of the gravels is generally covered by 3 - 10.9 m of red clay deposits. Systematic magnetostratigraphy and electron spin resonance dating are used to research the timing of the establishment of the Qingyijiang River. The main results show that the topmost terrace developed no later than 900 kyr ago and that the appearance of the Qingyijiang River occurred correspondingly at least before 900 kyr ago on the northern fringe of Mt. Huangshan. In view of the almost synchronous age, the establishment of the Qingyijiang River was seemingly a response to the Mid-Pleistocene Revolution when the 100 kyr cycle commenced, and the Kunlun-Huanghe movement during the early-middle Pleistocene transition. In addition, the establishment of the Qingyijiang River possibly reflected the birth of the modern Yangtze River to some degree. Therefore the timing of the formation of the Yangtze River is restricted to no later than 900 kyr ago based on the appearance of the Qingyijiang River


Qingyijiang River Topmost terrace Magnetostratigraphy Electron Spin Resonance dating Establishment timing Jingxian Basin 


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The study was financially sponsored by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41301011, 41301029, 41201008). We thank Dr. HU Xu-zhi and Dr. CHEN Yi-zhen for experiment assistances of paleomagnetic and ESR measurements. Our cordial gratitude should also be extended to the editors and anonymous reviews for their constructive suggestions and valuable comments which are greatly helpful for further improvement of the quality of this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chun-sheng Hu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Chen-qi Hu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Shao-chen Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Guang-lai Xu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Li Wu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Li-hui Yang
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.College of Territorial Resources and TourismAnhui Normal UniversityWuhuChina
  2. 2.Anhui Key Laboratory of Natural Disaster Process and Preventing and ControllingWuhuChina

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