Advertisement

Journal of Mountain Science

, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 157–168 | Cite as

Identifying suitable habitats of three ungulates in Arjinshan National Nature Reserve, China

  • Xu-kun Su
  • Shi-kui DongEmail author
  • Shi-liang Liu
  • Yu Wu
  • Xue-xia Wang
  • Yong Zhang
  • Xiao-yu Wu
Article
  • 101 Downloads

Abstract

Arjinshan National Nature Reserve (ANNR) is one of 3 refuges of the endemic ungulates Tibetan wild ass (Equus kiang), Chiru (Pantholops hodgsonii) and wild yak (Bos mutus) that are endangered by natural and anthropogenic factors in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP). Identifying habitat suitability is critical for species protection management. We used a GIS-based niche model to delimit and classify habitat suitability using an integrated assessment system, which included 9 biotic and abiotic factors. We divided the research area into 4 habitat types for these ungulates: (1) high suitability habitat; (2) moderate suitability habitat; (3) low suitability habitat; and (4) unsuitable area. Results suggested that chiru have the most areas of high and moderate suitability habitats while Tibetan wild ass had the largest areas of low suitability habitat and unsuitable area. Wild yak had the largest area of moderate and low suitability habitat, but high suitability habitats for wild yak were smaller than those of other 2 ungulates. There was overlap of high-quality habitat for the three kinds of ungulates in the vicinity of Kardun inspection station, which could be regarded as the core area for the coexistence and conservation of these endangered ungulate populations.

Keywords

GIS Niche model Analytic Hierarchy Process Wild yak Wild ass Chiru Arjinshan National Nature Reserve 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bahuguna A, Mukherjee SK (2000) Use of SEM to recognise Tibetan antelope (Chiru) hair and blending in wool products. Science & Justice 40: 177–182. DOI: 10.1016/S1355-0306(00)71973-3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bhatnagar YV, Wangchuk R, Prins HHT, et al. (2006) Perceived Conflicts Between Pastoralism and Conservation of the Kiang Equus kiang in the Ladakh Trans-Himalaya, India. Environmental Management 38: 934–941. DOI: 10.1007/s00267-005-0356-2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bleisch WV, Buzzard PJ, Zhang HB, et al. (2009) Surveys at a Tibetan antelope Pantholops hodgsonii calving ground adjacent to the Arjinshan Nature Reserve, Xinjiang, China: decline and recovery of a population. Oryx 43: 191–196. DOI: 10.1017/S0030605308001506Google Scholar
  4. Buho H, Jiang Z, Liu C, et al. (2011) Preliminary study on migration pattern of the Tibetan antelope (Pantholops hodgsonii) based on satellite tracking. Advances in Space Research 48: 43–48. DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2011.02.015CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Buzzard PJ, Bleisch WV, Xu DH, et al. (2008) Evidence for lekking in chiru. Journal of Zoology 276: 300–335. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7998.2008.00493.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Buzzard PJ, Wong HM, Zhang HB (2012) Population increase at a calving ground of the Endangered Tibetan antelope Pantholops hodgsonii in Xinjiang, China. Oryx 46: 266–268. DOI: 10.1017/S0030605311001657CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Buzzard PJ, Zhang HB, Xu DH, et al. (2010) A globally important wild yak Bos mutus population in the Arjinshan Nature Reserve, Xinjiang China. Oryx 44: 577–580. DOI: /10.1017/S0030605310000591CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Calenge C, Basille M (2008) A general framework for the statistical exploration of the ecological niche. Journal of Theoretical Biology 252:674–685. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2008. 02.036CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cao YF, Su JP, Lian XM, et al. (2008) Food habits of Tibetan antelope (Pantholops hodgsonii) in the Kekexili Nature Reserve. Acta Theriologica Sinica 28: 14–19. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  10. Chefaoui RM, Hortal J, Lobo JM (2005) Potential distribution modelling, niche characterization and conservation status assessment using GIS tools: a case study of Iberian Copris species. Biological Conservation 122: 327–338. DOI: 10.1016/j. biocon.2004.08.005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Davis BE (2001) GIS: A Visual Approach. in Cengage Learning.Google Scholar
  12. Dong QM, Zhao XQ, Ma YS, et al. (2006) Live-weight gain, apparent digestibility, and economic benefits of yaks fed different diets during winter on the Tibetan plateau. Livestock Science 101: 199–207. DOI: 10.1016/j.livprodsci.2005.11.009CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Foggin M (2012) Pastoralists and wildlife conservation in western China: collaborative management within protected areas on the Tibetan Plateau. Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice 2: 17. DOI: 10.1186/2041-7136-2-17Google Scholar
  14. Hall LS, Krausman PR, Morrison ML (1997) The habitat concept and a plea for standardterminology. Wildlife Society Bulletin 25: 173–182.Google Scholar
  15. Harris RB, Leslie D (2008) Bos mutus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T2892A9492411.Google Scholar
  16. Karanth KU (2003) Tiger ecology and conservation in the Indian subcontinent. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 100: 169–189.Google Scholar
  17. Li WD, Zhang X, Zhang HB (2013) Comprehensive Scientific Investigation of Arjinshan National Nature Reserve in Xinjiang. Xinjiang People Press, Xinjiang Science and Technology Press, Xinjiang. pp 368–370. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  18. Liu JY, Liu ML, Zhuang DF, et al. (2003) Study on spatial pattern of land-use change in China during 1995-2000. Science in China (D) 46: 373–384. DOI: 10.1360/03yd9033Google Scholar
  19. Long RJ, Dong SK, Hu ZZ, et al. (2004) Digestibility, nutrient balance and urinary purine derivative excretion in dry yak cows fed oat hay at different levels of intake. Livestock Production Science 88: 27–32. DOI: 10.1016/j.livprodsci. 2003.11.004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Ma C (2004). Analysis of Human-Induced Infection in Arjin Mountain National Nature Reserve. Arid Environmental Monitoring 18: 101–102. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  21. Ma ZJ, Zhong JC, Han JL, et al. (2009) Genetic diversity in the m tDNA D-Loop region of wild yak (Bos grunniens mutus). Acta Ecologica Sinica 29: 4799–4803. (In Chinese)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Mallon DP (2008). Pantholops hodgsonii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T15967A5335049Google Scholar
  23. Pearson RG, Thuiller W, Araújo MB, et al. (2006) Model-based uncertainty in species range prediction. Journal of Biogeography 33: 1704–1711. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2006.01460.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Pillay R, Johnsingh AJ, Raghunath TR, et al. (2011) Patterns of spatiotemporal change in large mammal distribution and abundance in the southern Western Ghats, India. Biological Conservation 144: 1567–1576. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2011.01.026CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Raxworthy CJ, Martinez-Meyer E, Horning N, et al. (2003) Predicting distributions of known and unknown reptile species in Madagascar. Nature 426: 837–841. DOI: 10.1038/nature02205CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Ruan XD, He PJ, Zhang JL, et al. (2005) Evolutionary history and current population relationships of chiru (Pantholops hodgsonii) inferred from mDNA variations. Journal of Mammalogy 86: 881–886. (In Chinese)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Schaller GB, Junrang R (1988) Effects of a snowstorm on Tibetan antelope. Journal of Mammalogy 69: 631–634.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Schaller GB, Liu WL (1996) Distribution, status, and conservation of wild yak Bos grunniens. Biological Conservation 76: 1–8. DOI: 10.1016/0006-3207(96)85972-6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Shah N, Louis SA, Qureshi Q (2015) Equus kiang. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T7953A45171635Google Scholar
  30. Shrestha R, Wegge P (2008) Habitat relationships between wild and domestic ungulates in Nepalese trans-Himalaya. Journal of Arid Environments 72: 914–925. DOI: 10.1016/j. jaridenv.2007.12.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Tang Z, Ma ZP, Li XM, et al. (2011) Zircon LA-ICP-MS U-Pb dating of amphibolite in the southern margin of Altyn Tagh China and its geological implication. Geological Bulletin of China 30: 51–57. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  32. Tsita KG, Pilavachi PA (2012) Evaluation of alternative fuels for the Greek road transport sector using the analytic hierarchy process. Energy Policy 48: 677–686. DOI: 10.1016/j. enpol.2012.05.079CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Wang CH, Wu L, Wang XY, et al. (2013) RS-and GIS-based study on ecological function regionalization in the Chaohu Lake Basin, Anhui Province, China. Acta Ecologica Sinica 33: 5808–5817. (In Chinese)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Wilkie D, Shaw E, Rotberg F, et al. (2000) Roads, development, and conservation in the Congo Basin. Conservation Biology 14: 1614–1622. DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2000.99102.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Xia P, Wang K, Li LX, et al. (2011) Improvement of Index Weight in Analytic Hierarchy Process. Chinese Journal of Health Statistics 28: 151–157. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  36. Yang Y, Chen XH, Gehrels G, et al. (2004) Early Paleozoic Magmatism and Gold Metallogenesis in Altun Mountains, Northwest China. Mineral Deposits 32: 464–472. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  37. Yao J, Yang BH, Yan P, et al. (2006) Analysis on habitat variance and behaviour of Bos gruiens in China. Acta Prataculturae Sinica 15: 124–128. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  38. Yin BF, Huai HY, Zhang YL, et al. (2006) Influence of the Qinghai-Tibetan railway and highway on the activities of wild animals. Acta Ecologica Sinica 26: 3917–3923.(In Chinese)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Yin BF, Huai HY, Zhang YL, et al. (2007) Trophic niches of Pantholops hodgsoni, Procapra picticaudata and Equus kiang in Kekexili region. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology 18: 766–770. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  40. Zhang JX, Li HK, Meng FC, et al. (2011) Polyphase tectonothermal events recorded in ‘metamorphic basement’ from the Altyn Tagh, the southeastern margin of the Tarim basin, western China: Constraint from U-Pb zircon geochronology. Acta Petrologica Sinica 27: 23–46. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  41. Zhang X, Bayaer (2000) Managing Approach of Arjinshan National Natural Protective Area. Environmental Protection of Xinjiang 22: 107–111.(In Chinese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xu-kun Su
    • 1
  • Shi-kui Dong
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shi-liang Liu
    • 1
  • Yu Wu
    • 1
  • Xue-xia Wang
    • 1
  • Yong Zhang
    • 1
  • Xiao-yu Wu
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation, School of EnvironmentBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations