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Journal of Mountain Science

, Volume 12, Issue 4, pp 797–815 | Cite as

Monitoring and recognition of debris flow infrasonic signals

  • Dun-long Liu
  • Xiao-peng Leng
  • Fang-qiang Wei
  • Shao-jie Zhang
  • Yong Hong
Article

Abstract

Low frequency infrasonic waves are emitted during the formation and movement of debris flows, which are detectable in a radius of several kilometers, thereby to serve as the precondition for their remote monitoring. However, false message often arises from the simple mechanics of alarms under the ambient noise interference. To improve the accuracy of infrasound monitoring for early-warning against debris flows, it is necessary to analyze the monitor information to identify in them the infrasonic signals characteristic of debris flows. Therefore, a large amount of debris flow infrasound and ambient noises have been collected from different sources for analysis to sum up their frequency spectra, sound pressures, waveforms, time duration and other correlated characteristics so as to specify the key characteristic parameters for different sound sources in completing the development of the recognition system of debris flow infrasonic signals for identifying their possible existence in the monitor signals. The recognition performance of the system has been verified by simulating tests and long-term in-situ monitoring of debris flows in Jiangjia Gully, Dongchuan, China to be of high accuracy and applicability. The recognition system can provide the local government and residents with accurate precautionary information about debris flows in preparation for disaster mitigation and minimizing the loss of life and property.

Keywords

Debris flow Infrasound Interference noise Monitoring Signal recognition 

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Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dun-long Liu
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Xiao-peng Leng
    • 2
    • 4
  • Fang-qiang Wei
    • 2
  • Shao-jie Zhang
    • 2
  • Yong Hong
    • 2
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Mountain Hazards and Earth Surface ProcessChinese Academy of SciencesChengduChina
  2. 2.Institute of Mountain Hazards and EnvironmentChinese Academy of SciencesChengduChina
  3. 3.University of Chinese Academy of ScienceBeijingChina
  4. 4.College of Information Science and TechnologyChengdu University of TechnologyChengduChina

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