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Journal of Mountain Science

, Volume 13, Issue 2, pp 369–376 | Cite as

Development and installation of bedload monitoring systems with submerged load cells

  • Ken GotoEmail author
  • Takahiro Itoh
  • Takahiko Nagayama
  • Rei Utsunomiya
  • Daizo Tsutsumi
  • Takahisa Mizuyama
Article
  • 58 Downloads

Abstract

Bedload governs riverbed channel variations and morphology, it is necessary to determine bedload discharge through an arbitrary cross section in a mountain river. A new system with submerged load cells has been developed to directly measure bedload discharge. The system consists of: (1) an iron box which is 1 m long, 0.5 m wide and 0.1 m in depth, (2) two submerged load cells 0.7 m apart, (3) a pressure sensor and, (4) an electromagnetic velocity meter. This system has been designed to exclude the effect of the hydraulic pressure of water on direct measurements of bedload particle weight. Initial tests in a laboratory were conducted to examine the accuracy of measurements with the system under aerial conditions. The system has been installed in the supercritical flume in Ashi-arai-dani River of the Hodaka Sedimentation Observatory of the Disaster Prevention Research Institute (DPRI) of Kyoto University to obtain bedload discharge under natural conditions. Flume tests were conducted in this channel by artificial supply of uniform sediment particles of several grain sizes. The average velocity of the sediment particles near the bed was estimated using cross-correlation functions for weight waves obtained by the two load cells. Bedload discharge calculations were based on time integration of the product of sediment velocity and sediment weight obtained by the two load cells. This study clarifies the reasons why bedload measurements are difficult, and provides some solutions using the monitoring systems with submerged load cells through the field measurements. Additionally, the applicability of bedload measurement with the submerged load cells is explained based on experimental artificial sediment supply data.

Keywords

Bedload Submerged load cell Flume tests 

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Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ken Goto
    • 1
    Email author
  • Takahiro Itoh
    • 1
  • Takahiko Nagayama
    • 2
  • Rei Utsunomiya
    • 3
  • Daizo Tsutsumi
    • 4
  • Takahisa Mizuyama
    • 5
  1. 1.Research and Development CenterNippon Koei Co., Ltd.IbarakiJapan
  2. 2.Nippon Koei Co., Ltd.TokyoJapan
  3. 3.JFE Advantech Co., Ltd.HyogoJapan
  4. 4.Disaster Prevention Research InstituteKyoto UniversityGifuJapan
  5. 5.Graduate School of AgricultureKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

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