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Journal of Mountain Science

, Volume 13, Issue 2, pp 316–329 | Cite as

Spatial and seasonal dynamics of soil loss ratio in mountain rangelands of south-western Kyrgyzstan

  • Maksim KulikovEmail author
  • Udo Schickhoff
  • Peter Borchardt
Article

Abstract

Vegetation cover is the main factor of soil loss prevention. The C-factor of the RUSLE (Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation) was predicted with NDVI, ground data and exponential regression equation for mountain rangelands of Kyrgyzstan. Time series of C-factor, precipitation and temperature were decomposed into seasonal and trend components with STL (seasonal decomposition by loess) to assess their interrelations. C-factor, precipitation and temperature trend components indicated significant lagged correlation, whereas seasonal components indicated more complex relations with climate factors which can be promoting as well as limiting factors for vegetation development, depending on the season. Rainy springs and hot summers may increase soil loss dramatically, whereas warm and dry springs with rainy summers can decrease it. Steep slopes indicated higher soil loss ratio, whereas flat areas were better protected by vegetation.

Keywords

Soil loss ratio C-factor RUSLE NDVI Time series Remote sensing 

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Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maksim Kulikov
    • 1
    Email author
  • Udo Schickhoff
    • 1
  • Peter Borchardt
    • 1
  1. 1.CEN Center for Earth System Research and Sustainability, Institute of GeographyUniversity of HamburgHamburgGermany

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