Advertisement

Journal of Mountain Science

, Volume 13, Issue 2, pp 342–351 | Cite as

Evolution of the Late Cretaceous Yongfeng-Chongren Basin in Jiangxi Province, southeast China: insights from sedimentary facies analysis and pebble counting

  • Liu-qin Chen
  • Fu-sheng GuoEmail author
  • Chao Tang
Article

Abstract

The Gan-Hang Belt in Southeast China is characterized by several igneous and siliciclastic basins associated with crustal extension during Late Mesozoic. The sedimentary evolution of the red basins is still poorly understood. In this study, sedimentary facies analysis and pebble counting were performed on outcrop sections of the Late Cretaceous Guifeng Group in the Yongfeng-Chongren Basin in central Jiangxi Province. Thirty-five conglomerate outcrops were chosen to measure pebble lithology, size, roundness, weathering degree and preferred orientation. Results show that gravels are mostly fine to coarse pebbles and comprise dominantly quartzites, metamorphic rocks, granitoids and sandstones. Rose diagrams based on imbricated pebbles indicate variable paleocurrent directions. Combining with typical sedimentary structures and vertical successions, we suggest that the Guifeng Group were deposited in alluvial fan, river and playa lake depositional systems. The proposed depositional model indicates that the Hekou Formation represents the start-up stage of the faulted basin, accompanied by sedimentation in alluvial fan and braided river environments. Then this basin turned into a stable expansion stage during the deposition of the Tangbian Formation. Except for minor coarse sediments at the basin margin, the other area is covered with fine-grained sediments of lake and river environments. The Lianhe Formation, however, is once again featured by conglomerates, suggesting a probable tectonic event. Therefore, the study region possibly suffered two tectonic events represented by the conglomerates of the Hekou and Lianhe formations in the context of the crustal extension in Southeast China.

Keywords

Late Cretaceous redbeds Pebble counting Yongfeng-Chongren Basin Gan-Hang Belt Geological evolution 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Supplementary material

11629_2014_3387_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (107 kb)
Supplementary material, approximately 106 KB.

References

  1. Blair TC, McPherson JG. (2009) Processes and forms of alluvial fans. In: Parsons AJ, Abrahams AD (Eds.). Geomorphology of Desert Environments (2nd edition). Springer Science + Business Media B.V. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4020-5719-9_14Google Scholar
  2. Cao K (2013) Cretaceous terrestrial stratigraphic correlation in China. Geological. Review 59(1): 24–40. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  3. Catuneanu O, Abreu V, Bhattacharya JP, et al. (2009) Towards the standardization of sequence stratigraphy. Earth-Science Reviews 92(1-2): 1–33. DOI: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2008.10.003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chen LQ, Guo FS, Liang W (2014) A review of terrestrial sequence stratigraphy. Journal of stratigraphy 38(2): 227–235. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  5. Ebinghaus A, Mc Cann T, Augustsson C. (2012) Facies and provenance analysis of Paleogene-age alluvial conglomerates from the northern part of the Mesta Basin, SW Bulgaria. Geological. Journal 47(4): 409–425. DOI: 10.1002/gj.1348Google Scholar
  6. Goodell PC, Gilder S, Fang X (1991) A preliminary description of the Can-Hang failed rift, southeastern China. Tectonophysics 197(2-4): 245–255. DOI: 10.1016/0040-1951(91)90044-SCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Guo FS, Jiang YB, Hu ZH, et al. (2011) Evolution and genesis system features of Danxia landform in Longhushan World Geopark. Journal of Mountain. Science 29(2): 195–201. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1008-2786.2011.02.008 (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  8. Guo FS, Zhu ZJ, Huang BH, et al. (2013) Cretaceous sedimentary system and their relationship with Danxia landform in Xinjiang Basin, Jiangxi. Acta Sedimentologica. Sinica 31(6): 954–964. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  9. Hu RZ, Bi XW, Zhou MF, et al. (2008) Uranium metallogenesis in South China and its relationship to crustal extension during the Cretaceous to Tertiary. Economic. Geology 103(3): 583–598. DOI: 10.2113/gsecongeo.103.3.583Google Scholar
  10. Jiang YB, Guo FS, Chen SS (2013) Spatial distribution and its genesis of the Danxia landforms in Xinjiang Basin, Jiangxi. Journal of Mountain. Science 31(6): 731–737. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  11. Jo HR, Rhee CW, Chough SK (1997) Distinctive characteristics of a streamflow-dominated alluvial fan deposit: Sanghori area, Kyongsang Basin (Early Cretaceous), southeastern Korea. Sedimentary Geology 110(1-2): 51–79. DOI: 10.1016/S0037-0738(96)00083-8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kusky TM, Ye MH, Wang JP, et al. (2010) Geological evolution of Longhushan World Geopark in relation to global tectonics. Journal of Earth. Science 21(1): 1–18. DOI: 10.1007/s12583-010-0009-0Google Scholar
  13. Li JH, Zhang YQ, Dong SW, et al. (2014) Cretaceous tectonic evolution of South China: A preliminary synthesis. Earth-Science. Reviews 134: 98–136. DOI: 10.1016/j.earscirev. 2014.03.008Google Scholar
  14. Li XH (2000) Cretaceous magmatism and lithospheric extension in Southeast China. Journal of Asian Earth. Sciences 18(3): 293–305. DOI: 10.1016/S1367-9120(99)00060-7Google Scholar
  15. Li XH, Li WX, Li ZX (2007) On the genetic classification and tectonic implications of the Early Yanshanian granitoids in the Nanling Range, South China. Chinese Science. Bulletin 52(14): 1873–1885. DOI: 10.1007/s11434-007-0259-0Google Scholar
  16. Lindsey DA, Langer WH, Van Gosen BS (2007) Using pebble lithology and roundness to interpret gravel provenance in piedmont fluvial systems of the Rocky Mountains, USA. Sedimentary Geology 199(3-4): 223–232. DOI: 10.1016/j. sedgeo.2007.02.006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Mao JW, Chen YB, Chen MH, et al. (2013) Major types and time-space distribution of Mesozoic ore deposits in South China and their geodynamic settings. Mineralium. Deposita 48(3): 267–294. DOI: 10.1007/s00126-012-0446-zCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Miao X, Lu H, Li Z, et al. (2008) Paleocurrent and fabric analyses of the imbricated fluvial gravel deposits in Huangshui valley, the northeastern Tibetan Plateau, China. Geomorphology 99(1-4): 433–442. DOI: 10.1016/j.geomorph. 2007.12.005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Pettijohn FJ (1975) Sedimentary Rocks (3rd edition). New York: Harper & Row.Google Scholar
  20. Potter PE, Pettijohn FJ (1977) Paleocurrents and Basin Analysis. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Sciunnach D, Scardia G, Tremolada F (2010) The Monte Orfano Conglomerate revisited: stratigraphic constraints on Cenozoic tectonic uplift of the Southern Alps (Lombardy, northern Italy). International Journal of Earth. Sciences 99(6): 1335–1355. DOI: 10.1007/s00531-009-0452-2Google Scholar
  22. Shu LS, Zhou XM, Deng P, et al. (2009) Mesozoic tectonic evolution of the southeast China block: New insights from basin analysis. Journal of Asian Earth. Sciences 34(3): 376–391. DOI: 10.1016/j.jseaes.2008.06.004Google Scholar
  23. Tucker ME (2003) Sedimentary Rocks in the Field (3rd edition). England: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.Google Scholar
  24. Wang WT, Kirby E, Zhang PZ, et al (2013) Tertiary basin evolution along the northeastern margin of the Tibetan Plateau: Evidence for basin formation during Oligocene transtension. Geological Society of America Bulletin 125(3-4): 377–400. DOI: 10.1130/B30611.1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Wu JH (1995) A discussion on the Late Mesozoic basin features and strata division in northeast Jiangxi Province. Journal of East China Geological Institute 18(2): 143–151. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  26. Yagishita K (1997) Paleocurrent and fabric analyses of the fluvial conglomerates of the Paleogene Noda Group, northeast Japan. Sedimentary Geology 109(1-2): 53–71. DOI: 10.1016/S0037-0738(96)00058-9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Yang SY, Jiang SY, Jiang YH, et al. (2011) Geochemical, zircon U-Pb dating and Sr-Nd-Hf isotopic constraints on the age and petrogenesis of an Early Cretaceous volcanic-intrusive complex at Xiangshan, Southeast China. Mineralogy and Petrology 101(1-2): 21–48. DOI: 10.1007/s00710-010-0136-4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Yu XQ, Shu LS, Yan TZ, et al. (2005) Prototype and sedimentation of red basins along the Ganhang tectonic belt. Acta Sedimentologica. Sinica 23(1): 12–20. DOI: 10.3969/ j.issn.1000-0550.2005.01.002 (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  29. Zhou XM, Sun T, Shen WZ, et al. (2006) Petrogenesis of Mesozoic granitoids and volcanicrocks in South China: A response to tectonic evolution.. Episodes 29(1): 26–33.Google Scholar
  30. Zhu C, Peng H, Ouyang J, et al. (2010) Rock resistance and the development of horizontal grooves on Danxia slopes. Geomorphology 123(1-2): 84–96. DOI:10.1016/j.geomorph. 2010.07.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Nuclear Resources and EnvironmentEast China Institute of TechnologyNangchangChina
  2. 2.College of Earth SciencesEast China Institute of TechnologyNangchangChina

Personalised recommendations