Advertisement

Journal of Mountain Science

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 434–445 | Cite as

Modelling the effects of land-use change on runoff and sediment yield in the Weicheng River watershed, Southwest China

  • Xiao-ke Zhang
  • Ji-hui FanEmail author
  • Gen-wei Cheng
Article

Abstract

As a major sediment area in the upper Yangtze River, Jialing River basin experienced substantial land-use changes, many water conservancy projects were constructed from the 1980s onward to promote water and soil conservation. The water and sediment yield at the watershed outlet was strongly affected by these water conservation works, including ponds and reservoirs, which should be considered in the modelling. In this study, based on the observed data of the Weicheng River catchment, the relationships between precipitation, runoff, vegetation, topography and sediment yield were analyzed, a distributed runoff and sediment yield model (WSTD-SED) was developed, and the hydrological processes of different land-use scenarios were simulated by using the model. The main results are summarized as follows: 1) there is an alternating characteristic in river channels and reservoirs in the Jialing River hilly area, with scour occurring in wet years and deposit occurring in dry years. 2) Most of the sediment deposited in river channels and reservoirs is carried off by the largest flood in the year. 3) The model yielded plausible results for runoff and sediment yield dynamics without the need of calibration, and the WSTD-SED model could be used to obtain qualitative estimates on the effects of land use change scenarios. 4) The modelling results suggest that a 10% increase in cropland (dry land) reforestation results in a 0.7% decrease in runoff and 1.5% decrease in sediment yield.

Keywords

Land-use change Hydrological modelling Reforestation scenario Runoff and sediment yield 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. China Meteorological Administration (2003) surface meteorological observation standards. China Meteorological Press, Beijing, China. pp 167–192. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  2. Arnold JG, Srinivasan R, Muttiah RS, et al. (1998) Large area hydrologic modeling and assessment part I: Model development 1. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 34(1): 73–89. DOI: 10.1111/j.1752-1688.1998.tb05961.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cheng GW, Xiao FP, Fan JH (2010) Exploration in Mathematic Modes on the Slope and Stria Erosions for Small Watershed in Mountainous Region. Journal of Mountain Science 28(3): 327–332. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  4. Cheng GW, Yu XX, Zhao YT (2004) The hydro-logical cycal and its mathematical models of forest eco-system in montains. Beijing: Science Press. pp 196–227. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  5. De Vente J, Poesen J (2005) Predicting soil erosion and sediment yield at the basin scale: Scale issues and semiquantitative models. Earth-Science Reviews 71(1–2): 95–125. DOI: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2005.02.002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Diodato N, Bellocchi G (2007) Estimating monthly (R)USLE climate input in a Mediterranean region using limited data. Journal of Hydrology 345(3–4): 224–236. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2007.08.008.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Sedimentation Commission of Chinese Society of Hydraulic Engineering (1992) Handbook of Sedimentation. Beijing: Publishing House for Environmental Sciences. pp 133–145. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  8. Haregeweyn N, Poesen J, Nyssen J, et al. (2008) Sediment yield variability in Northern Ethiopia: A quantitative analysis of its controlling factors. CATENA 75(1): 65–76. DOI: 10.1016/j.catena.2008.04.011.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Jachner S, Boogaart KGVD, Petzoldt T (2007) Statistical Methods for the Qualitative Assessment of Dynamic Models with Time Delay. Journal of Statistical Software 22(8): 1–30.Google Scholar
  10. Ke J, Jiao JY, Li LY (2010) Soil erosion amount and sediment delivery ratio in the hilly purple soil region in the upper reaches of Yangtze river—A case study in Fujiang River Basin. Science of Soil and Water Conservation 8(5): 1–7. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  11. Kinnell PIA (2000) AGNPS-UM: applying the USLE-M within the agricultural non point source pollution model. Environmental Modelling and Software 15(3): 331–341. DOI: 10.1016/s1364-8152(00)00002-5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Lü HS, Hou T, Horton R, et al. (2013) The streamflow estimation using the Xinanjiang rainfall runoff model and dual state-parameter estimation method. Journal of Hydrology 480: 102–114. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2012.12.011.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Lane LJ, Hernandez M, Nichols M (1997) Processes controlling sediment yield from watersheds as functions of spatial scale. Environmental Modelling & Software 12(4): 355–369. DOI: 10.1016/s1364-8152(97)00027-3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lesschen JP, Schoorl JM, Cammeraat LH (2009) Modelling runoff and erosion for a semi-arid catchment using a multiscale approach based on hydrological connectivity. Geomorphology 109(3–4): 174–183. DOI: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2009.02.030.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Li QF, Yu M, Lu G, et al. (2011) Impacts of the Gezhouba and Three Gorges reservoirs on the sediment regime in the Yangtze River, China. Journal of Hydrology 403(3–4): 224–233. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2011.03.043.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Liu G, Wang Y (2007) Protocols for standard atmosphere environmental observation and measurement in terrestrial ecosystems. Beijing: China Environmental Science Press. pp 14–43. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  17. Long TY, Wu L, Meng GH, et al. (2011) Numerical simulation for impacts of hydrodynamic conditions on algae growth in Chongqing Section of Jialing River, China. Ecological Modelling 222(1): 112–119. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2010. 09.028.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lu H, Moran CJ, Sivapalan M (2005) A theoretical exploration of catchment-scale sediment delivery. Water Resources Research 41(9): 1–15. DOI: 10.1029/2005wr004018.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lu XX, Ashmore P, Wang J (2003) Sediment yield mapping in a large river basin: the Upper Yangtze, China. Environmental Modelling & Software 18(4): 339–353. DOI: 10.1016/s1364-8152(02)00107-x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lu YJ, Zuo LQ, Ji RY, et al. (2010) Deposition and erosion in the fluctuating backwater reach of the Three Gorges Project after upstream reservoir adjustment. International Journal of Sediment Research 25(1): 64–80. DOI: 10.1016/s1001-6279(10)60028-5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Meusburger K, Konz N, Schaub M, et al. (2010) Soil erosion modelled with USLE and PESERA using QuickBird derived vegetation parameters in an alpine catchment. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation 12(3): 208–215. DOI: 10.1016/j.jag.2010.02.004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Mueller EN, Francke T, Batalla RJ, et al. (2009) Modelling the effects of land-use change on runoff and sediment yield for a meso-scale catchment in the Southern Pyrenees. CATENA 79(3): 288–296. DOI: 10.1016/j.catena.2009.06.007.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Nunes AN, De Almeida AC, Coelho COA (2011) Impacts of land use and cover type on runoff and soil erosion in a marginal area of Portugal. Applied Geography 31(2): 687–699. DOI: 10.1016/j.apgeog.2010.12.006.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Qi YQ, Zhang XB, He XB, et al. (2006) A study on soil erosion induced sediment yield by reservoir and pond deposits dating with 137Cs in small catchments of the hilly Sichuan Basin and the Three Gorges Region. Geographical Research 25(4): 641–648. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  25. Reeves DW (1997) The role of soil organic matter in maintaining soil quality in continuous cropping systems. Soil and Tillage Research 43(1–2): 131–167. DOI: 10.1016/s0167-1987(97)00038-x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Restrepo JD, Kjerfve B, Hermelin M, et al. (2006) Factors controlling sediment yield in a major South American drainage basin: the Magdalena River, Colombia. Journal of Hydrology 316(1–4): 213–232. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2005.05.002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Rompaey AV, Bazzoffi P, Jones RJA, et al. (2005) Modeling sediment yields in Italian catchments. Geomorphology 65(1–2): 157–169. DOI: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2004.08.006.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Stednick JD (1996) Monitoring the effects of timber harvests on annual water yield. Journal of Hydrology 176: 79–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Verstraeten G, Poesen J (2001) Factors controlling sediment yield from small intensively cultivated catchments in a temperate humid climate. Geomorphology 40(1–2): 123–144. DOI: 10.1016/s0169-555x(01)00040-x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Verstraeten G, Poesen J, De Vente J, et al. (2003) Sediment yield variability in Spain: a quantitative and semiqualitative analysis using reservoir sedimentation rates. Geomorphology 50(4): 327–348. DOI: 10.1016/s0169-555x(02)00220-9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Yan YS (1984) An Introduction to Hydrometry. Beijing: Water Conservancy and Electric Power Press. pp 13–25. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  32. Yang CS, Li QF, Wen HY, et al. (2012) Simulation of Soil and Water Loss in the Upper Huaihe River Basin using the Xinanjiang Model. Procedia Engineering 28: 501–505. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/j.proeng.2012.01.758.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Yang ST, Dong GT, Zheng DH, et al. (2011) Coupling Xinanjiang model and SWAT to simulate agricultural non-point source pollution in Songtao watershed of Hainan, China. Ecological Modelling 222(20–22): 3701–3717. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2011.09.004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Zhang Q, Xu CY, Becker S, et al. (2006) Sediment and runoff changes in the Yangtze River basin during past 50 years. Journal of Hydrology 331(3–4): 511–523. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2006.05.036.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Zhang XB, Wen AB (2004) Current changes of sediment yields in the upper Yangtze River and its two biggest tributaries, China. Global and Planetary Change 41(3–4): 221–227. DOI: 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2004.01.008.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Zhao RJ (1992) The Xinanjiang Model Applied in China. Journal of Hydrology 135(1–4): 371–381. DOI: 10.1016/0022-1694(92)90096-E.Google Scholar
  37. Zheng MG, Cai QG, Cheng QJ (2008) Modelling the runoffsediment yield relationship using a proportional function in hilly areas of the Loess Plateau, North China. Geomorphology 93(3–4): 288–301. DOI: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2007.03.001.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Mountain Environment Evolution and Regulation, Institute of Mountain Hazards and EnvironmentChinese Academy of SciencesChengduChina
  2. 2.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations