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Journal of Mountain Science

, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 363–369 | Cite as

Climate warming-induced upward shift of Moso bamboo population on Tianmu Mountain, China

  • Xin-zhang Song
  • Chang-hui PengEmail author
  • Guo-mo Zhou
  • Hong Jiang
  • Wei-feng Wang
  • Wen-hua Xiang
Article

Abstract

Although increasing attention has been paid to upward shift of plant species in altitude as a response to global warming, research on this phenomenon at low altitudinal and low latitudinal zones did not receive enough attention. In this study, an investigation was carried out to test the relationship between the upward spread of Moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) along altitudinal gradient and the increasing air temperature over the past decade within the Tianmu Mountain region, situated in southeastern China. Results showed that the peak elevation of Moso bamboo population establishment rose by an average of 9.8 m (±2.7 m) during the past decade and significant correlation existed with mean annual temperature (P < 0.0001, n = 339) but not with annual precipitation (P = 0.7, n = 339), indicating that the upward shift of Moso bamboo along altitudinal gradients was driven primarily by warming temperatures. This upward shift could potentially reduce biodiversity by altering the species composition of the ecosystem. However, there is also the potential for increased carbon sequestration capacity of local forest systems, which would produce an additional carbon sink to combat rising atmospheric CO2 concentrations and future global warming.

Keywords

Moso bamboo Climate change Global warming Upward shift Carbon sequestration 

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Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xin-zhang Song
    • 1
  • Chang-hui Peng
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Guo-mo Zhou
    • 1
  • Hong Jiang
    • 1
  • Wei-feng Wang
    • 2
  • Wen-hua Xiang
    • 4
  1. 1.The Nurturing Station for the State Key Laboratory of Subtropical Silviculture & Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Carbon Cycling and Carbon Sequestration in Forest EcosystemsZhejiang A & F UniversityLin’anChina
  2. 2.Institute of Environment SciencesUniversity of Quebec at MontrealMontrealCanada
  3. 3.Laboratory for Ecological Forecasting and Global ChangeNorthwest Agriculture and Forest UniversityYanglingChina
  4. 4.Faculty of Life Science and TechnologyCentral South University of Forestry and TechnologyChangshaChina

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