Journal of Mountain Science

, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 445–454 | Cite as

Current situation and influencing factors of pluriactivity in mountainous and hilly rural areas of Sichuan province, China

  • Shao-quan LiuEmail author
  • Hai-qin Zhang
  • Fang-ting Xie
  • Shi-li Guo


In this study, the current situation of pluriactivity in mountainous and hilly rural areas of Sichuan province was analyzed using representative sample survey data and natural factor data calculated based on 30 m-resolution DEM and GIS. Moreover, using logistic regression model, a quantitative analysis was conducted on factors influencing pluriactivity in terms of individuals, households, communities and natural environmental conditions. The results showed that, (1) only 17.77% of rural laborers in mountainous and hilly areas of Sichuan province were engaged in pluriactivity. Geographically, pluriactivity was mainly chosen according to the “proximity principle”, and was concentrated in construction and service industries; (2) the following factors have a significant influence on whether rural laborers in hilly areas engage in pluriactivity: gender, number of years of education, marriage, number of laborers and time to towns. Those with little influence include: age, health, family size, arable land per capita and per capita income, whether there are elderly people over 75 years and children less than 3 years. According to the main factors affecting pluriactivity, the government should enhance vocational skills training for rural laborers in mountainous and hilly areas, especially for female laborers, further improve transport accessibility and encourage rural laborers, especially female laborers to move into pluriactivity to increase the income of farm households.


Mountainous and hilly areas Rural laborers Pluriactivity Influencing factors 


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Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shao-quan Liu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hai-qin Zhang
    • 2
  • Fang-ting Xie
    • 1
    • 3
  • Shi-li Guo
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Mountain Hazards and EnvironmentChinese Academy of SciencesChengduChina
  2. 2.Sichuan Research Institute of Tourism PlanningChengduChina
  3. 3.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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