Journal of Mountain Science

, Volume 10, Issue 6, pp 1063–1073 | Cite as

Local scour and the laws of scour pit’s shape downstream of debris flow sabo dam

  • Hua-li Pan
  • Shun Yang
  • Guo-qiang Ou
  • Jiang-cheng HuangEmail author


The erosion shape and the law of development of debris flow sabo dam downstream is a weak part in the study on debris flow erosion. The shape and development of scour pit have an important effect on the stability and safety of debris flow sabo dam, which determines the foundational depth of the dam and the design of protective measures downstream. Study on the scouring law of sabo dam downstream can evaluate the erosion range and reasonably arrange auxiliary protective engineering. Therefore, a series of flume experiments are carried out including different debris flow characteristics (density is varying from 1.5 t/m3 to 2.1 t/m3) and different gully longitudinal slopes. The result shows that the scour pit appears as an oval shape in a plane and deep in the middle while superficial at the ends in the longitudinal section, the position of the maximum depth point moves towards downstream with an increase of flume slope angle. The maximum depth of scour pit is mainly affected by the longitudinal slope of gully, density of debris flow, and the characteristics of gully composition (particle size and the viscosity of soil). The result also indicates that the viscosity of soil will weaken the erosion extent. The interior slopes of scour pit are different between the upstream and the downstream, and the downstream slope is smaller than the upper one. For the viscous and non-viscous sands with the same distribution of gradation, the interior slope of non-viscous sand is smaller than the viscous sand. According to the regression analysis on the experimental data, the quantitative relationship between the interior slope of scour pit, slope of repose under water and the longitudinal slope of gully is established and it can be used to calculate the interior slope of scour pit. The results can provide the basis for the parameter design of the debris flow control engineering foundation.


Scour pit Debris flow Sabo dam Scouring law Interior slope Flume experiment 


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Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hua-li Pan
    • 1
  • Shun Yang
    • 2
  • Guo-qiang Ou
    • 1
  • Jiang-cheng Huang
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Mountain Hazards and Earth Surface Process, Institute of Mountain Hazards and EnvironmentChinese Academy of SciencesChengduChina
  2. 2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Asian International Rivers CenterYunnan UniversityKunmingChina
  4. 4.Yunnan Key Laboratory for International Rivers and Transboundary Ecology SecurityKunmingChina

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