Advertisement

Journal of Mountain Science

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 66–72 | Cite as

Coupling mechanism of rural settlements and mountain disasters in the upper reaches of Min River

  • Ming-tao DingEmail author
  • Zun-lan Cheng
  • Qing Wang
Article

Abstract

Human settlements are the place where human beings live, among which the rural settlements can be regarded as a reflection of human-land relationship in mountain areas because their vertical distribution is greatly influenced by the specific geographical environment and ecological conditions of mountains. Based on field investigation, this paper uses physical, geographical, and ecological theories to make a comprehensive study of rural settlements and mountain disasters in the upper Min River, which is an ecologically fragile area with high-frequency disasters (collapse, landslide, debris flow, etc.) and a minority inhabit district. By applying these modern scientific theories, this paper attempts to shed some light on the relationship between rural settlements and mountain disasters. Consequently, an in-depth understanding of this relationship was achieved as follows: (1) Rural settlements and mountain disasters are mainly distributed in the intercepted flows of water and soil; and both quantity and quality of arable lands in mountains are important indicators of these flows. (2) The Small Watershed Management Project is a complex system of rural settlements and mountain disasters that interacts with and constrains the ecological system. By this project, the human survival will be better guaranteed. Being fundamental for the ecological reconstruction, the coupling mechanism of rural settlements and mountain disasters is not only an engine to promote harmonious development between human and nature, but also a bridge to link them.

Keywords

The upper reaches of Min River Mountain disaster Rural settlement Coupling mechanism Remote sensing 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adekunle IM, Adetunji MT, Gbadebo AM, et al. (2007) Assessment of groundwater quality in a typical rural settlement in Southwest Nigeria. Environmental Research and Public Health 4(4): 307–318. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph200704040007.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chen GJ (2001) Development of West China and the Construction of Settlement Ecology-Take the Southwest Mountainous Area of China as an Example. Rural Eco-Environment 17(2): 5–8. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  3. Chen Y, Chen GJ (2002) Basic concepts in the study of settlement ecology. Rural Eco-Environment 18(1): 54–57. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  4. Chen Y, Chen GJ, Yang DG (2004) Distribution of human settlements in the upstream Min River and their ecological characteristics — a case study of Lixian County. Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin 13(1): 72–77. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  5. Cohen JE, Small C (1998) Hypsographic demography: The distribution of human population by elevation. Applied Physical Sciences/Social Sciences 95(24): 14 009–14 014. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.95.24.14009.Google Scholar
  6. Daniel TL, Kenneth MJ (2006) Emerging rural settlement patterns and the geographic redistribution of America’s new immigrants. Rural Sociology 71(1): 109–131. DOI: 10.1526/003601106777789828.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Guo XD, Niu SW, Wu WH, et al. (1998) Characters of rural settlement spatial distribution and its influence factors in Loess hilly area of Gansu Province. Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment 24(9): 27–32. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  8. Liu SQ (2006) Rural settlement ecology: Theory and Practice. Beijing: China environmental science press. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  9. Philips M (1998) The restructuring of social imaginations in rural geography. Journal of Rural Studies 14(2): 121–153. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0743-0167(97)00056-9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Xing GR, Xu YL, Zheng Y (2007) Rural settlement spatial evolution types and features in the process of urbanization. Economic geography 27(6): 932–935. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  11. Wang Q (2007) The coupling mechanisms of rural settlements and water & soil conservation projects in the upper reaches of Yangtze River. Journal of mountain science 25(4): 455–460. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  12. Wu L (2001) Introduction to science of human settlements. Beijing: China architecture and building press. (In Chinese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Environment and ResourcesSouthwest University of Science and TechnologyMianyangChina
  2. 2.Institute of Mountain Hazards and EnvironmentChinese Academy of SciencesChengduChina

Personalised recommendations