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Reflection of typhoon morakot — the challenge of compound disaster simulation


Climate change has altered locally single-type disasters to large-scale compound disasters because of increasing intensity and frequency of extreme rainfall events. The compound disasters can combine small-scale floods, debris flows, shallow landslides, deep-seated landslides, and landslide lakes into a large-scale single disaster event. Although simulation models and evaluation tools are available for single-type disasters, no single model is well developed for compound disasters due to the difficulty of handling the interrelationship between two successive single-type disasters. This study proposes a structure for linking available single-type simulation models to evaluate compound disasters and provides a useful tool of decision making for warning and planning of disaster reduction.

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Correspondence to Yu-Shu Kuo.

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Chen, YS., Kuo, YS., Lai, WC. et al. Reflection of typhoon morakot — the challenge of compound disaster simulation. J. Mt. Sci. 8, 571–581 (2011).

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  • Typhoon Morakot
  • Compound disaster
  • Hsiaolin Village