Variations in vinblastine production at different stages of somatic embryogenesis, embryo, and field-grown plantlets of Catharanthus roseus L. (G) Don, as revealed by HPLC
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Catharanthus roseus L. (G) Don. is an important dicotyledonous medicinal plant that produces anticancer compounds, which are used for the treatment of a wide variety of cancers. We have quantified vinblastine (a major dimeric anticancer compound) in various in vitro raised tissues; embryogenic and nonembryogenic calli, three different embryogenic stages (proliferated, matured, and germinating embryo), somatic embryo derived plantlets and in ex vitro grown plantlets by using high performance liquid chromatography. Of the various obtained callus lines and embryogenesis stages, maximum vinblastine content was found in leaf callus and in germinating embryos. The leaves of somatic embryo-derived plantlets contained more vinblastine than did Catharanthus leaves developed ex vitro. The yield of vinblastine was monitored for 30 wk. The production of vinblastine appeared to be age dependent and tissue specific; the finding of our analyses is discussed in detail.
KeywordsApocynaceae Catharanthus roseus Embryogenic callus High performance liquid chromatography Somatic embryogenesis Tissue culture Vinblastine
The first author is highly grateful to AFMI for getting fellowship during the course of present study.
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