The paper narrates an empirical study of participatory mapping and spatial characterization of six non-material landscape values across multiple coastal production landscapes in the Indian Sundarban delta. The methodology relies on an inexpensive rapid rural appraisal technique that integrates the conventional notion of place preference and participatory mapping. 168 respondents living in the study area were provided six georeferenced maps with 30 pre-identified landmarks, and were asked to mark and rank at least three preferred locations (with no upper limit) for each of the six non-material landscape values category (i.e. spiritual, recreational, heritage, aesthetic, educational, and negative values). A total of 65 locations, depicting all the six landscape values, were identified from the survey. Corresponding scores against these points were calculated by multiplying the frequency of occurrence and assigned preference weights. We thereafter conducted a series of statistical and spatial analysis to understand the demographic patterns in the observed intangible values and their spatial association with different production landscapes. Regression modeling revealed significant influence of the age and educational profile of the respondents on the number of points marked viz.-a-viz. appreciation for non-material landscape values. Also, the Spearman correlation revealed a strong positive pairwise association between recreational and aesthetic values, spiritual and heritage as well as educational and heritage values. Finally, we computed landscape-wise availability of non-material values using a recent land use map of the delta, and found that agriculture/cultivated areas, rural settlements, and mudflats/beaches were associated with high non-material values, while aquaculture was minimally attributed to non-material landscape values. As such, the study facilitates a comparative understanding of non-material benefits from multiple rural production landscapes/waterscapes, besides providing valuable spatial information for policy-planners and administrative officials.
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Community Development Block (CDB) is the lowest administrative unit, which consists several village self-governance units, known as Panchayat.
The original classification of 13 types of values made by Brown and Reed (2000) include aesthetic value, economic value, recreation value, life sustaining value, learning value, biological diversity value, spiritual value, intrinsic value, historic value, future value, subsistence value, therapeutic value, and cultural value.
Panchayats are elected, rural self-governing institutions.
Here junior high school means upto 10th standard, locally known as Madhyamik schools.
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The work was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number 16F16106 and the Strategic Research and Development Area (JPMEERF16S11510) project financed by the Environment Research and Technology Development Fund of the Environmental Restoration and Conservation Agency of Japan (ERCA). The authors, in addition, would like to extend their sincerest thanks to the local administrative officials for extending logistic support during the field survey.
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Handled by Moinul Islam, Kyushu University, Japan.
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Dasgupta, R., Hashimoto, S., Basu, M. et al. Spatial characterization of non-material values across multiple coastal production landscapes in the Indian Sundarban delta. Sustain Sci (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11625-020-00899-3
- UNESCO world heritage
- Hot-spot analysis
- Nature’s contribution to people (NCP)