Sustainability Science

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 709–719 | Cite as

The map of conflicts related to environmental injustice and health in Brazil

  • Diogo Ferreira da Rocha
  • Marcelo Firpo Porto
  • Tania Pacheco
  • Jean Pierre Leroy
Special Feature: Case Report The EJAtlas: Ecological Distribution Conflicts as Forces for Sustainability
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Special Feature: The EJAtlas: Ecological Distribution Conflicts as Forces for Sustainability


This article discusses the experience of the map of conflicts related to environmental injustices and health in Brazil and its potential contribution to international movements for environmental justice. Inventories and maps of environmental injustices are important instruments of struggle against injustice and racism, since they increase the visibility of populations, whose lives are threatened. The Brazilian map is published online since 2010 and was an initiative of FIOCRUZ, a public health and academic institution, and the NGO FASE, in cooperation with the Brazilian Network of Environmental Injustice (RBJA), created in 2001. Environmental justice arised in Brazil as a field of reflection and mobilization, and as a rallying point to identify the struggle of several groups and entities, such as rural and urban grassroots movements, indigenous peoples, traditional populations, and peasants affected by different hazards and risks, as well as environmentalists, trade unions, and scientists. Currently, the map has 570 emblematic environmental conflicts in all regions of Brazil. Many economic activities are causing the conflicts such as mining expansion, oil and gas extractions, infrastructure (roads, mega-dams), agribusiness, and pesticide pollution, often with the support of governmental institutions.


Maps Environmental conflicts Environmental justice Collective health Social movements 


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan KK 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Diogo Ferreira da Rocha
    • 1
  • Marcelo Firpo Porto
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tania Pacheco
    • 1
  • Jean Pierre Leroy
  1. 1.National School of Public HealthOswaldo Cruz FoundationRio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Center for Social StudiesUniversity of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal

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