Transdisciplinary (TD) research is an example of a participatory research approach that has been developed to address the complexity of societal problems through the exchange of knowledge and expertise across diverse groups of societal actors. The concept of knowledge exchange is central to the ability of TD research to produce usable knowledge. There is, however, limited theoretical attention to the processes that enable knowledge exchange, namely learning. In this article, we analyze the “transferability” of knowledge generated in TD research settings from a practice-based approach. In this approach, learning and knowing are seen as situated in social practices, in meaning making processes where the involved participants make sense of what they do and why they do it. We describe and analyze three TD projects, and discuss the role of practitioners’ perspectives in the interpretation of the tasks and realization of TD, and in the consequences this has for the organization of the research process and the usability of its results. The analysis shows that while the project teams were given the same task and framework, they did not understand or enact TD in a similar fashion. The three projects created different goals and organizations. They also resulted in different challenges, which could be identified and analyzed by the use of a practice-based approach to learning. In the conclusions, we identify aspects for both practice and research that are important for creating sufficient conditions for learning in TD research processes so that they can better promote contributions to societal change.
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The terms ‘practitioner’, ‘user’, and ‘policy’ are used to refer to individuals and activities that fall within the professional mandates of public and private spheres of activity. This includes employees from public bodies such as any municipal and regional officials, planners and administrators as well as business and community group representatives and the general public.
This does not include the discourse on education in sustainability science.
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Handled by Yuya Kajikawa, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan.
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Westberg, L., Polk, M. The role of learning in transdisciplinary research: moving from a normative concept to an analytical tool through a practice-based approach. Sustain Sci 11, 385–397 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11625-016-0358-4
- Transdisciplinary research
- Situated learning
- Sociocultural theory