Advertisement

Datenschutz und Datensicherheit - DuD

, Volume 36, Issue 7, pp 497–501 | Cite as

Usability gesichtserkennungsbasierter Authentifizierung

Ergebnisse eines Feldtests
  • Thomas Fenzl
  • Christian Kollmitzer
Schwerpunkt

Zusammenfassung

Die Authentifizierung von Nutzern an IT-Systemen erfolgt — trotz zahlreicher praktischer Schwächen — bis heute meist mit Passwort-Verfahren. Sie sind oft das schwächste Glied in einer Kette von Sicherheitsmechanismen und damit maßgeblich für die Gesamtsicherheit. Eine Alternative zu herkömmlichen alphanumerischen Passwörtern ist die Verwendung „graphischer Passwörter“, mit denen einigen Schwachstellen begegnet werden kann. Die Autoren stellen die Ergebnisse der praktischen Erprobung eines gesichtserkennungsbasierten Authentifizierungssystems vor, das die besondere menschliche Merkfähigkeit von Gesichtern nutzt.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatur

  1. [1]
    S. Rass, and P. Schartner. Quantenkryptographie. Überblick und aktuelle Entwicklungen. DuD Datenschutz und Datensicherheit. 11/2010:753–757, 2010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    X. Suo, Y. Zhu, and G.S. Owen. Graphical Passwords: a survey. 21st Annual Conference on Computer Security Applications, 10 pp., 2005.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    C.E. Shannon. A mathematical theory of communication. Bell System Technical Journal, 27: 623–656, 1948.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    S. Rass, D. Schuller and C. Kollmitzer. Entropy of Graphical Passwords: Towards an Information-Theoretic Analysis of Face-Recognition Based Authentification. In: Proceedings of the 11th Joint IFIP TC6 and TC11 Conference on Communications and Multimedia Security — CMS’ 2010, Springer Lecture Notes of Computer Science, 6109:166–177, 2010.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    G.R. Franklin Jr. and R.B. Adams Jr. What makes a face memorable? The relationship between face memory and emotional state reasoning. Personality and Individual Differences, 49:8–12, 2010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    O. Wilhelm, G. Herzmann, O. Kunina, V. Danthiir, A. Schacht and W. Sommer. Individual Differences in Perceiving and Recognizing Faces — One Element of Social Cognition. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2:530–548, 2010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    K.M. Curby and K. Glazek. A Visual Short-Term Memory Advantage for Objects of Expertise. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 35:94–107, 2009.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    O. Pascalis and D.J. Kelly. The origins of face processing in humans: Phylogeny and ontogeny. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 4:200–209, 2009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    G. Van Belle, P. Graef, K. Verfaillie, T. Busigny and B. Rossion. Whole not hole: Expert face recognition requires holistic perception. Neuropsychologia, 48:2620–2629, 2010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    L.R. Betts and H.R. Wilsons. Heterogeneous structure in face-selective human occipito-temporal cortex. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 22(10):2276–2288, 2010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    J. M. Henderson, R. Falk, S. Minut, F. C. Dyer and S. Mahadevan. Gaze Control for Face Learning and Recognition by Humans and Machines. Technical Report, Michigan State University Eye Movement Laboratory, 2000.Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    G. Rizzolatti and C. Sinigaglia. Mirrors in the brain: How our minds share action and emotions. New York: Oxford University Press Inc., 2006.Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    Y. Ma and S. Han. Human Perception and Performance: Why we respond faster to the self than to others? Journal of Experimental Psychology, 36(3):619–633, 2010.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    A.C. Lamont, S. Stewart-Williams and J. Podd. Face recognition and aging: Effects of target age and memory load. Memory & Cognition, 33(6):1017–1024, 2005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    H. Wiese, S.R. Schweinberger and K. Hansen. The age of the beholder: ERP evidence of an own-age bias in face memory. Neuropsychologia, 46:2973–2985, 2008.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    A. Cellerino, D. Borghetti and F. Sartucci. Sex differences in face gender recognition in humans. Brain Research Bulletin, 63:443–449, 2004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    E. Awh, B. Barton and K.E. Vogel. Visual Working Memory represents a fixed Number of Items Regardless of Complexity. Psychological Science, 18(7):622–628, 2007.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    B.R. Johnson, A.J. Onwuegbuzie and L.A. Turner. Toward a Definition of Mixed Methods Research. Journal of Mixed Methods Research., 1:112–133, 2007.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    P. Mayring, G.L. Huber, L. Gürtler, and M. Kiegelmann (Hrsg.). Mixed methodology in psychological research. Rotterdam: Sense Publishers, 2007.Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    J. Glaser and G. Laudel. Experteninterviews und qualitative Inhaltsanalyse: Als Instrumente rekonstruierender Untersuchungen. (3.Aufl.) Wiesbaden: VS, 2009.Google Scholar
  21. [21]
    P. Mayring. Qualitative Inhaltsanalyse. Grundlagen und Techniken. (11. Aufl.) Weinheim: Beltz, 2010.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Fenzl
  • Christian Kollmitzer

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations