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What is in the eye of preservice teachers while instructing? An eye-tracking study about attention processes in different teaching situations

  • Kathleen Stürmer
  • Tina Seidel
  • Katharina Müller
  • Janina Häusler
  • Kai S. Cortina
Article

Abstract

Professional vision research lacks behind regarding the investigation of attention processes in teaching action. In this study, eye movements of preservice teachers were assessed by mobile eye-tracking technology (MET). Eye movements of N = 7 preservice teachers while teaching in standardized instructional situations (M-Teach) and while teaching in classroom were recorded and analyzed with regard to fixation frequency and fixation duration. According to assumptions of expertise research, the results show that preservice teachers strongly differ in their focus of attention. Furthermore, they show that preservice teachers distribute their attention only over a few pupils while teaching. The findings provide important implications with regard to the question how to support attentional processes even at an early stage of professional development, for example by observing own MET videos.

Keywords

Eye-tracking Teacher Attention Professional Vision Teacher Education Video 

Wohin blicken Lehramtsstudierende beim Unterrichten? Eine Eyetracking Studie zu Aufmerksamkeitsprozessen in unterschiedlichen Lehrsetting

Zusammenfassung

Die Untersuchung von Aufmerksamkeitsprozessen aus der Perspektive der Handelnden beim Unterrichten ist in der Forschung zur Professionellen Unterrichtswahrnehmung bisher weitgehend unberücksichtigt. In dieser Studie werden daher die Blickbewegungen von Lehramtsstudierenden mit Hilfe von mobilem Eyetracking (MET) untersucht. Während des Unterrichtens in standardisierten Lehrsettings (M-Teach) sowie im Klassenunterricht wurden die Blickbewegungen von N = 7 Studierenden aufgezeichnet und Fixierungshäufigkeit und -dauer analysiert. Entsprechend der Annahmen aus der Expertiseforschung zeigt sich, dass Lehramtsstudierende große interindividuelle Unterschiede im Fokus ihrer Aufmerksamkeit aufweisen und diese vorrangig auf einzelne Lernende richten. Die Ergebnisse liefern wichtige Implikationen für die Frage wie Aufmerksamkeitsprozesse bereits zu Beginn der Ausbildung, zum Beispiel durch das Beobachten eigener MET-Videos, geschult werden können.

Schlüsselwörter

Eye-tracking Lehreraufmerksamkeit Professional Vision Lehrerausbildung Video 

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hector Research Institute of Education Sciences and PsychologyUniversity of TübingenTübingenGermany
  2. 2.School of EducationTechnical University of Munich (TUM)MunichGermany
  3. 3.Leuphana University of LüneburgLüneburgGermany
  4. 4.School of EducationUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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