Politische Vierteljahresschrift

, Volume 51, Issue 4, pp 721–749 | Cite as

Experimente in der Politikwissenschaft: Vom Mauerblümchen zum Mainstream



Experimentelle Forschung ist auf dem Vormarsch. Ein Blick in die internationale Forschungslandschaft zeigt in vielerlei Hinsicht – Fachzeitschriften, Bücher, Tagungen – ihre Etablierung. Im deutschsprachigen Raum sind experimentelle Methoden in der Politikwissenschaft bislang aber weniger weit verbreitet. Nach einem Überblick über den Stellenwert von Experimenten in der Politikwissenschaft gehen wir auf Logik und Formen experimenteller Forschung ein, ehe wir uns einigen Beispielen in der Politikwissenschaft zuwenden. Dabei geben wir zunächst einen kursorischen Überblick über experimentelle Forschung in den Bereichen Wahlen und politische Einstellungen, Kollektivgüter und kollektives Handeln, soziales Vertrauen sowie legislative Entscheidungen und Verhandlungen. Daneben stellen wir exemplarisch ein Forschungsfeld im Detail dar: die Erforschung der Wahlbeteiligung mittels Feldexperimenten.


Experimente Methoden Forschungsdesign 

Experiments in Political Science: From Wallflower to Mainstream


The use of experimental research designs is on the rise. Internationally, experiments are becoming ever more established in the field, as shown by the increasing number of journal articles, books, and conferences. In German political science, however, using experimental methods is still rather uncommon. After a (brief) discussion of the relevance of experiments for political science, we will—in general terms—introduce the logic of experimental research as well as different types of experiments. Then we shall provide a (selective) overview of experimental research in political science that has been conducted: First, we cursorily review the state of (experimental) research done in the fields of elections and public opinion, public goods and collective action, social trust and finally legislative bargaining and decision-making. Following that, we discuss in greater detail the field experimental strand of research studying voter mobilization.


Experiments Methods Research Design 


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Copyright information

© VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Politikwissenschaft, insbes. WählerverhaltenUniversität MannheimMannheimDeutschland
  2. 2.Lehrstuhl für Politische Wissenschaft I, Politische SoziologieUniversität MannheimMannheimDeutschland

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