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Emergence of the Care workforce in India: An interrogation of the contemporary labour market conditions

  • Deepali Aparajita Dungdung
Hauptbeiträge

Abstract

Care work, often defined by scholars as work that involves social reproduction, has been the focus of much academic research in recent years. Healthcare, child care, care for the elderly and scores of other work that directly or indirectly contribute towards the development of human capital, have led to the emergence of considerable scholarship in the social sciences. Some have focussed on gender, others on the welfare state, yet others on labour. Academic debates on care have impact, whether mediated or directly on policy formulation. The labour market for care workers is globally dominated by women. The prevalence of women in paid care work is shaped by both historical and cultural factors. In more recent times, with new economic measures, care services have been particularly susceptible to market pressures such as low wages and poor social protection. The objective of my paper is to showcase the existing conditions of labour in the market for paid care work in India. This paper outlines the significant historical processes that have led to the creation of the market for paid care work as it exists today. This paper will further examine the role played by the State in determining the observed conditions.

Keywords

Care work Women Social policy Economic reforms 

Die Entstehung der Arbeitskräfte im Pflegebereich in Indien: Eine Untersuchung der heutigen Arbeitsmarktlage

Zusammenfassung

Care Work, in der Wissenschaft oftmals mit Bezug zur sozialen Reproduktion definiert, ist zum Schwerpunkt zahlreicher Forschungen der letzten Jahre geworden. Gesundheitsvorsorge, Kinderbetreuung, Altenpflege und weitere Tätigkeiten, die direkt oder indirekt mit Humankapitalorientierung versehen werden können, haben bei maßgeblichen SozialwissenschaftlerInnen an Dringlichkeit gewonnen. Einige fokussierten dabei das Thema Geschlecht, andere den Wohlfahrtsstaat, wieder andere Arbeit. Akademische Debatten haben direkt oder indirekt politische Wirkung. Auf dem Arbeitsmarkt für Care Worker sind weltweit vor allem Frauen vertreten. Ihre Vorrangstellung in der bezahlten Sorgearbeit ist historisch und kulturell begründet. In letzter Zeit, verbunden mit neuen ökonomischen Maßnahmen, haben sich Sorgedienstleistungen als besonders empfänglich für marktvermittelten Druck erwiesen, was sich an Löhnen und geringem sozialen Schutz zeigt. Ziel meines Aufsatzes ist es, die bestehenden Arbeitsbedingungen auf dem Markt für bezahlte Sorgearbeit in Indien aufzuzeigen. Er arbeitet die bedeutenden historischen Linien heraus, die zu jenem Arbeitsmarkt geführt haben, wie er heute besteht. Außerdem wird darin dargelegt, welche Rolle der Staat bei der Entstehung der hier betrachteten Bedingungen spielte.

Schlüsselwörter

Care Work Frauen Sozialpolitik Wirtschaftliche Reformen 

References

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Jawaharlal Nehru UniversityNew DelhiIndia

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