Outsourcing labor

Surrogacy as body care work


Surrogacy has created new pathways to parenthood, but simultaneously opened up a heated debate among ethicists, lawmakers, and scholars in the social sciences and humanities. In a surrogacy arrangement, an individual or a couple hire a woman to gestate and birth a child for them. The most common way to do this is via gestational surrogacy, in which another woman’s egg is inseminated and then implanted into the surrogate’s uterus.

Theorizing surrogacy as a form of work is relatively new. What sorts of “work” do surrogate mothers perform? Is surrogacy only “work” when the surrogate is paid or is it also work if there is no financial compensation involved? This article suggests that surrogates perform body care work in both instances.


Surrogacy Care work Body work 

Auslagerung von Arbeit

Leihmutterschaft und die sich ändernde Bedeutung von Pflege


Leihmutterschaft eröffnet einerseits neue Möglichkeiten Eltern zu werden, hat aber zeitgleich eine hitzige Debatte zwischen Ethikern, Gesetzgebern und Wissenschaftlern in den Sozial- und Geisteswissenschaften ausgelöst. In einer Leihmutterschaftsvereinbarung stellt ein Individuum oder ein Paar eine Frau ein, um ein Kind für sie auszutragen und zu gebären. Dies geschieht in den meisten Fällen, indem das befruchtete Ei einer anderen Frau in die Gebärmutter der austragenden Mutter implantiert wird.

Leihmutterschaft als eine Form von Arbeit zu konzipieren, ist relativ neu. Welche Art von „Arbeit“ leisten Leihmütter? Ist Leihmutterschaft nur „Arbeit“, wenn die Leihmutter bezahlt wird, oder auch in Fällen, in denen es keine finanzielle Entschädigung gibt? Dieser Artikel geht der Frage nach, ob Leihmutterschaft in beiden Fällen Arbeit darstellt, und zwar body care work.


Leihmutterschaft Pflegearbeit Körperarbeit 


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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyWayne State UniversityDetroitUSA

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