Österreichische Zeitschrift für Soziologie

, Volume 41, Issue 4, pp 427–447

“A new song or evergreen …?” The spatial concentration of Vietnamese migrants’ businesses on Prague’s Sapa site

Hauptbeiträge

Abstract

A locality characterised by a high concentration of economic activities of immigrants, predominantly immigrants from Vietnam, has emerged on the outskirts of Prague. This article explores whether or not this locality—in terms of its function, structure, mutual relations among entrepreneurs and physical morphology—resembles certain rather well-known spatial models of migrant business concentration as described in other developed immigration countries (e. g. ethnic enclave economies, commercial/business enclaves, ethnic markets/retail districts, commercial hubs and ethnic commercial belts). Despite having some features in common with the existing models of spatial concentration, the Sapa site has certain specific features, namely a primary and very strong function as a wholesale centre serving the Vietnamese ethnic economy, the absence of a residential function, weak ethnic features including goods for sale and its origin without the intervention of a local government. In all these aspects, Sapa and other to a certain extent similar post-socialist markets/bazaars in Central Eastern Europe are relatively unique among existing models.

Keywords

Spatial organization Vietnamese immigrants Vietnamese ethnic economy Market/bazaar Prague 

Neues Modell oder alter Hut? Konzentration von Geschäften vietnamesischer Migranten in Prags Sapa-Zentrum

Zusammenfassung

Am Rand von Prag ist ein Ort entstanden, der sich durch eine hohe Konzentration wirtschaftlicher Aktivitäten von Immigranten auszeichnet – vorwiegend Immigranten aus Vietnam. Im vorliegenden Artikel wird untersucht, ob dieser Ort hinsichtlich seiner Funktion, Struktur, der gegenseitigen Beziehungen zwischen den Unternehmern und seiner physischen Morphologie bekannten räumlichen Modellen der Geschäftskonzentration von Migranten ähnelt, wie sie in anderen Einwandererländern beschrieben werden (z. B. ethnische Enklaveökonomien, Handels- bzw. Business-Enklaven, ethnische Märkte/Einzelhandelsbezirke, Geschäftszentren und ethnische Gewerbegürtel). Trotz einiger Gemeinsamkeiten mit bestehenden Modellen räumlicher Konzentration hat das Sapa-Zentrum gewisse spezifische Eigenschaften, nämlich eine primäre und sehr starke Funktion als Großhandelszentrum, welches der vietnamesischen ethnischen Wirtschaft dient; das Fehlen einer anwohnerorientierten Funktion; eine geringe Bedeutung ethnischer Eigenschaften einschließlich der Verkaufswaren sowie das Entstehen ohne die Intervention einer lokalen Regierung. In all diesen Aspekten sind Sapa und ähnliche postsozialistische Märkte bzw. Basare in Mittel- und Osteuropa relativ einzigartig unter den bestehenden Modellen.

Schlüsselwörter

Räumliche Organisation Vietnamesische Immigranten Vietnamesische ethnische Ökonomie Markt/Basar Prag 

References

  1. Aldrich, Howard E., and Roger Waldinger. 1990. Ethnicity and entrepreneurship. Annual Review of Sociology 16:111–135.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aytar, Volkan, and Jan Rath (eds.). 2012. Selling ethnic neighborhoods: The rise of neighborhoods as places of leisure and consumption. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  3. Bagwell, Susan. 2008. Transnational family networks and ethnic minority business development: The case of vietnamese nail-shops in the UK. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research 14:377–394.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Baláž, Vladimir, and Allan M. Williams. 2007. Path-dependency and path-creation. Perspectives on migration trajectories: The economic experiences of Vietnamese migrants in Slovakia. International Migration 45:37–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Baláž, Vladimir, Allan M. Williams, and Claire Wallace. 2005. Winning, then losing, the battle with globalization: Vietnamese petty traders in Slovakia. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 29:439–468.Google Scholar
  6. Bilic, Michal, Alfred Krogmann, and Lucia Šolcová. 2013. Sino-Vietnamese immigrants in Slovakia from separation to integration? Example of Chinatown on Stará Vajnorská street in Bratislava. Working paper. Nitra: Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra.Google Scholar
  7. Brouček, Stanislav. 2003. Aktuální problémy adaptace vietnamského etnika v ČR. Prague: Etnologický ústav AV.Google Scholar
  8. CENSUS. 2011. Home Page Census. https://www.czso.cz/csu/czso/population-and-housing-census Accessed 1 June 2014.Google Scholar
  9. Čermáková, Dita. 2012. Podnikání migrantů v Praze: případová studie Královská cesta. In Sociální proměny pražských čtvrtí, ed. Martin Ouředníček, and Jana Temelová, 92–115. Prague: Academia.Google Scholar
  10. Čermáková, Dita, Soňa Schovánková, and Klára Fiedlerová. 2011. Podnikání cizinců v Česku: vliv struktury příležitostí. Geografie 116:440–461.Google Scholar
  11. Cizinci v ČR. 2013. Praha: CZSO 2014. http://www.czso.cz/csu/2013edicniplan.nsf/p/1414-13 Accessed 1 June 2014.Google Scholar
  12. CZSO. 2016. Czech statistical office. www.czso.cz Accessed 1 March 2016.Google Scholar
  13. Drbohlav, Dušan. 2003. Immigration and the Czech Republic (with a Special Focus on the Foreign Labor Force). International Migration Review 37:194–224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Drbohlav, Dušan, Lenka Medová, Zdeněk Čermák, Eva Janská, Dita Čermáková, and Dagmar Dzúrová. 2010. Migrace a (imigranti) v Česku. Kdo jsme, odkud přicházíme, kam jdeme? Prague: SLON.Google Scholar
  15. Fong, Eric, Emily E. Anderson, Wenhong Chen, and Chiu Luk. 2008. The logic of ethnic business distribution in multiethnic cities. Urban Affairs Review 43:497–519.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Freidingerová, Tereza. 2014. Vietnamci v Česku a ve světě: migrační a adaptační tendence. Prague: SLON.Google Scholar
  17. Halik, Teresa. 2006. Migrancka społeczność Wietnamczyków w Polsce w świetle polityki państwa i ocen społecznych (The Migrant Community of the Vietnamese in Poland in the Light of State Policy and Social Assessment). Poznan: Wydawnictwo Naukowe.Google Scholar
  18. Hall, C. Michael, and Jan Rath. 2007. Tourism, migration and place advantage in the global cultural economy. In Tourism, ethnic diversity and the city, ed. Jan Rath, 1–24. New York: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hillmann, Felicitas. 2005. Riders on the storm: Vietnamese in Germany’s two migration systems. In Asian migrants and European labour markets: Patterns and processes of immigrant labour market insertion in Europe, ed. Ernst Spaan, Felicitas Hillmann, and Ton van Naerssen, 80–100. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  20. Hüwelmeier, Gertrud. 2008. Spirits in the market place: Transnational networks of Vietnamese migrants in Berlin. Transnational Ties: Cities, Identities, and Migrations 9:131–144.Google Scholar
  21. Hüwelmeier, Gertrud. 2013a. Postsocialist bazaars: Diversity, solidarity, and conflict in the marketplace. Laboratorium 5:52–72.Google Scholar
  22. Hüwelmeier, Gertrud. 2013b. Bazaar pagodas: transnational religion, postsocialist marketplaces and Vietnamese migrant women in Berlin. Religion and Gender 3:76–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hüwelmeier, Gertrud. 2015. Mobile entrepreneurs: Transnational Vietnamese in the Czech Republic. Rethinking ethnography in Central Europe. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  24. Kaplan, David H. 1997. The creation of an ethnic economy: Indochinese business expansion in Saint Paul. Economic Geography 73:214–233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kaplan, David H. 1998. The spatial structure of urban ethnic economies. Urban Geography 19:489–501.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Kaplan, David H., and Wei Li. 2006. Landscapes of the ethnic economy. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.Google Scholar
  27. Keeble, David, and Lilach Nachum. 2002. Why do business service firms cluster? Small consultancies, clustering and decentralization in London and Southern England. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 27:67–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Li, Wei. 1998. Anatomy of a new ethnic settlement: The Chinese ethnoburb in Los Angeles. Urban Studies 35:479–501.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Light, Ivan. 1984. Immigrant and ethnic enterprise in North America. Ethnic and Racial Studies 7:195–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Light, Ivan, and Steven J. Gold. 2000. Ethnic economies. San Diego: CA Academic Press.Google Scholar
  31. Logan, John R., Richard D. Alba, and Thomas L. McNulty. 1994. Ethnic economies in metropolitan regions: Miami and beyond. Social Forces 72:694–724.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Logan, John R., Wenquan Zhang, and Richard D. Alba. 2002. Immigrant enclaves and ethnic communities in New York and Los Angeles. American Sociological Review 67:299–322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Malmberg, Anders, Bo Malmberg, and Per Lundequist. 2000. Agglomeration and firm performance: economies of scale, localisation, and urbanisation among Swedish export firms. Environment and Planning 32:305–322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Martínková, Šárka. 2008. Sociabilita vietnamského etnika v Praze. In Cizinecké komunity z antropologické perspektivy: vybrané případy významných imigračních skupin v České republice, ed. Zdeněk Uherek, Zuzana Korecká, and Tereza Pojarová, 167–211. Praha: Etnologický ústav AV ČR v.v.i.Google Scholar
  35. Martínková, Šárka. 2011. The Vietnamese ethnic group, its sociability and social networks in the Prague milieu. In Migration, Diversity and Their Management Occasional Papers in Ethnology, Vol. 8, ed. Zdeněk Uherek, 133–201. Prague: Academy of Sciences, Institute of Ethnology.Google Scholar
  36. Mazumdar, Sanjoy, Shampa Mazumdar, Faye Docuyanan, and Colette Marie McLaughlin. 2000. Creating a sense of place: the Vietnamese-Americans and Little Saigon. Journal of Environmental Psychology 20:319–333.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. McLaughlin, Colette Marie, and Paul Jesilow. 1998. Conveying a sense of community along Bolsa Avenue: Little Saigon as a model of ethnic commercial belts. International Migration 36:49–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Nožina, Miroslav. 2010. Crime networks in Vietnamese diasporas. The Czech Republic case. Crime, Law and Social Change 53(3):229–258.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Pang, Ching Lin. 2012. Gateways to the urban economy: Chinatowns in Antwerp and Brussels. In Selling ethnic neighborhoods: The rise of neighborhoods as places of leisure and consumption, ed. Volkan Aytar, and Jan Rath, 52–56. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  40. Portes, Alejandro, and Alex Stepick. 1993. City on the Edge: The transformation of Miami. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  41. Sanders, Jimy M., and Victor Nee. 1992. Problems in resolving the enclave economy debate. American Sociological Review 57(3):415–418.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Shaw, Stephen, Susan Bagwell, and Joanna Karmowska. 2004. Ethnoscapes as spectable. Reimaging multicultural districts as new destinations for leisure and tourism consumption. Urban Studies 41:1983–2000.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Sik, Endre, and Claire Wallace. 1999. The development of open-air markets in East-Central Europe. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 23:697–714.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Štěpánková, Karla. 2006. Etnická ekonomika. Případová studie vietnamské ekonomické enklávy Sapa v Praze – Libuši. Diploma thesis. Prague: Charles University, Department of Social Geography and Regional Development.Google Scholar
  45. Sulima, Roch. 2012. The Laboratory of Polish postmodernity: An ethnographic report from the stadium bazaar. In Chasing Warsaw. Socio-material dynamics of urban change since 1990, ed. Monika Grubbauer, and Joanna Kusiak, 241–268. Frankfurt am Main: Campus.Google Scholar
  46. Sýkora, Luděk. 2009. Post-socialist cities. In International encyclopedia of human geography, ed. Rob Kitchin, and Nigel Thrift, 387–395. Oxford: Elsevier.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Teixeira, Carlos. 2006. Residential segregation and ethnic economies in a multicultural city: The Little Portugal of Toronto. In Landscapes of the ethnic economy, ed. David Kaplan, and Wei Li, 49–65. Plymouth: Rowman & Littlefield.Google Scholar
  48. Uherek, Zdeněk. 2003. Cizinecké komunity a městský prostor v České republice. The Czech Sociological Review 39:193–216.Google Scholar
  49. Waldinger, Roger. 1987. Beyond nostalgia: The old neighborhood revisited. New York Affairs 10:1–12.Google Scholar
  50. Wood, Joseph. 1997. Vietnamese American place making in northern Virginia. Geographical Review 87:58–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Zhou, Min. 2004. Revisiting ethnic entrepreneurship: Convergencies, controversies, and conceptual advancements. International Migration Review 38:1040–1074.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Zhou, Yu. 1998. Beyond ethnic enclaves: Location strategies of Chinese producer service firms in Los Angeles. Economic Geography 74:228–251.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Social Geography and Regional Development, Faculty of ScienceCharles UniversityPrague 2Czech Republic
  2. 2.Institute of Sociology of the Czech Academy of SciencesPraha 1Czech Republic

Personalised recommendations