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Resilienz durch Training personaler Ressourcen stärken: Evaluation einer web-basierten Achtsamkeitsintervention

  • Nina Pauls
  • Christian Schlett
  • Roman Soucek
  • Michael Ziegler
  • Nicole Frank
Hauptbeiträge

Zusammenfassung

Resilienz bezeichnet personale Ressourcen und Verhaltensweisen, die auch unter hohen Anforderungen die psychische Gesundheit schützen. In der vorliegenden Studie wird zum einen überprüft, inwiefern Achtsamkeit einen geeigneten Ansatzpunkt zur Förderung von resilientem Verhalten und zur Minderung der emotionalen Erschöpfung darstellt. Zum anderen wird die Wirksamkeit einer web-basierten Intervention zur Förderung von Achtsamkeit evaluiert, die im Vergleich zu bestehenden Präsenz-Trainings ökonomischer in der Durchführung ist. Die Annahmen wurden anhand eines Vorher-Nachher-Erhebungsplans mit Treatment- und Kontrollgruppe an einer Stichprobe von N = 72 Berufstätigen überprüft. Die Ergebnisse liefern empirische Evidenz dafür, dass Achtsamkeit – vermittelt über resilientes Verhalten – die emotionale Erschöpfung verringert. Zudem konnte die Wirksamkeit der Intervention im Hinblick auf die Achtsamkeit belegt werden.

Schlüsselwörter

Resilienz Achtsamkeit Personale Ressourcen Intervention Psychische Gesundheit 

Enhancing resilience through training of personal resources: Evaluation of a web-based mindfulness intervention

Abstract

Resilience refers to personal resources and behavioral strategies that protect psychological well-being even under high demands. The present study examines whether mindfulness fosters resilience and reduces emotional exhaustion. Furthermore, we evaluate the effectiveness of a web-based mindfulness intervention that saves costs and time compared to existing face-to-face trainings. The assumptions were tested with a sample of N = 72 employees within a pre- and posttest design with a treatment and control group. The results provide empirical evidence that mindfulness reduces emotional exhaustion, which is mediated by resilient behavior. Furthermore, the intervention is effective with regard to mindfulness.

Keywords

Resilience Mindfulness Personal resources Intervention Psychological well-being 

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nina Pauls
    • 1
  • Christian Schlett
    • 2
  • Roman Soucek
    • 3
  • Michael Ziegler
    • 3
  • Nicole Frank
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Psychologie, WirtschaftspsychologieAlbert-Ludwigs-Universität FreiburgFreiburgDeutschland
  2. 2.Institut für Psychologie, WirtschaftspsychologieAlbert-Ludwigs-Universität FreiburgFreiburgDeutschland
  3. 3.Lehrstuhl für Psychologie, insbes. Wirtschafts- und SozialpsychologieFriedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-NürnbergNürnbergDeutschland

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