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Out-of-Pocket Spending on Epinephrine Auto-Injectors Among the Privately Insured, 2015–2019

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Dr. Chua’s effort is supported by a career development award from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (grant number 1K08DA048110-01). The funders played no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.

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Correspondence to Kao-Ping Chua MD, PhD.

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Dr. Chua reports receiving honoraria from the Benter Foundation outside of the submitted work. Dr. Conti has no conflicts of interest to report.

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Chua, KP., Conti, R.M. Out-of-Pocket Spending on Epinephrine Auto-Injectors Among the Privately Insured, 2015–2019. J GEN INTERN MED 38, 538–541 (2023).

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