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Differences in Rates of High-Value and Low-Value Care Between Community Health Centers and Private Practices

Abstract

Background

Community health centers (CHCs) are an integral part of the health care safety net. As health systems seek to improve value, it is important to understand the quality of care provided by CHCs.

Objective

To evaluate the performance of CHCs compared with private practices on a comprehensive set of high-value and low-value care measures.

Design

This cross-sectional study used data from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey from 2010 through 2012. We compared CHCs with private practices using logistic regression models that adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, insurance, number of chronic illnesses, rural versus urban location, region of country, and survey year.

Setting/Participants

We included outpatient visits to generalist physicians at either CHCs or private practices by patients 18 years and older.

Main Measures

We examined 12 measures of high-value care and 7 measures of low-value care.

Results

A total of 29,155 physician visits, representing 584,208,173 weighted visits, from 2010 through 2012 were included. CHCs were more likely to provide high-value care by ordering beta-blockers in CHF (46.9% vs. 36.5%; aOR 2.56; 95%CI 1.18–5.56), statins in diabetes (37.0% vs 35.5%; aOR 1.35; 95%CI 1.02–1.79), and providing treatment for osteoporosis (35.7% vs 23.2%; aOR 1.77; 95%CI 1.05–3.00) compared with private practices. CHCs were more likely to avoid low-value screening EKGs (98.7% vs. 88.0%; aOR 11.03; 95%CI 2.67–45.52), CBCs (75.9% vs. 65.7%; aOR 1.72; 95%CI 1.18–2.53), or urinalyses (86.0% vs. 80.5%; aOR 1.87; 95%CI 1.11–3.14) during a general medical exam. CHCs were also less likely to prescribe antibiotics for a URI (48.3% vs. 63.1%; aOR 0.59; 95%CI 0.40–0.88).

Conclusions

On a number of high-value and low-value measures of care, CHCs performed similar to or better than private practices. As healthcare delivery reforms continue to progress, CHCs are well positioned to provide high-value healthcare.

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Acknowledgments

Dr. Oronce was an internal medicine resident at the University of Rochester Medical Center at the time the study was completed. He is currently supported by the VA Office of Academic Affiliations through the VA/National Clinicians Scholars Program.

Author information

Correspondence to Carlos Irwin A. Oronce MD, MPH or Robert J. Fortuna MD, MPH.

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Disclaimer

The contents do not represent the views of the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs or the US Government.

Ethical Approval

The University of Rochester Research Subjects Review Board approved this study.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they do not have a conflict of interest.

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This study was presented as an oral presentation at the Society of General Internal Medicine Annual Meeting, Denver CO, 11–14 April 2018.

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Oronce, C.I.A., Fortuna, R.J. Differences in Rates of High-Value and Low-Value Care Between Community Health Centers and Private Practices. J GEN INTERN MED (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11606-019-05544-z

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KEY WORDS

  • high-value care
  • low-value care
  • quality of care
  • community health centers
  • federally qualified health centers