Physician Respect for Patients with Obesity

  • Mary Margaret Huizinga
  • Lisa A. Cooper
  • Sara N. Bleich
  • Jeanne M. Clark
  • Mary Catherine Beach
Brief Report

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

Obesity stigma is common in our society, and a general stigma towards obesity has also been documented in physicians. We hypothesized that physician respect for patients would be lower in patients with higher body mass index (BMI).

METHODS

We analyzed data from the baseline visit of 40 physicians and 238 patients enrolled in a randomized controlled trial of patient-physician communication. The independent variable was BMI, and the outcome was physician respect for the patient. We performed Poisson regression analyses with robust variance estimates, accounting for clustering of patients within physicians, to examine the association between BMI and physician ratings of respect for particular patients.

RESULTS

The mean (SD) BMI of the patients was 32.9(8.1) kg/m2. Physicians had low respect for 39% of the participants. Higher BMI was significantly and negatively associated with respect [prevalence ratio (PrR) 0.83, 95% CI: 0.73–0.95; p = 0.006; per 10 kg/m2 increase in BMI]. BMI remained significantly associated with respect after adjustment for patient age and gender (PrR 0.86, 95%CI: 0.74–1.00; p = 0.049).

CONCLUSION

We found that higher patient BMI was associated with lower physician respect. Further research is needed to understand if lower physician respect for patients with higher BMI adversely affects the quality of care.

KEY WORDS

obesity stigma physician respect and body mass index 

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Copyright information

© Society of General Internal Medicine 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mary Margaret Huizinga
    • 1
    • 3
  • Lisa A. Cooper
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Sara N. Bleich
    • 2
  • Jeanne M. Clark
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
  • Mary Catherine Beach
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of MedicineJohns Hopkins University School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Department of Health Policy and ManagementJohns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public HealthBaltimoreUSA
  3. 3.Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical ResearchJohns Hopkins Medical InstitutionsBaltimoreUSA
  4. 4.Department of EpidemiologyJohns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public HealthBaltimoreUSA

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