Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery

, Volume 22, Issue 7, pp 1221–1229 | Cite as

Impact of Post-Discharge Disposition on Risk and Causes of Readmission Following Liver and Pancreas Surgery

  • Qinyu Chen
  • Katiuscha Merath
  • Griffin Olsen
  • Fabio Bagante
  • Jay J. Idrees
  • Ozgur Akgul
  • Jordan Cloyd
  • Carl Schmidt
  • Mary Dillhoff
  • Eliza W. Beal
  • Susan White
  • Timothy M. Pawlik
Original Article



The relationship between the post-discharge settings and the risk of readmission has not been well examined. We sought to identify the association between discharge destinations and readmission rates after liver and pancreas surgery.


The 2013–2015 Medicare-Provider Analysis and Review (MEDPAR) database was reviewed to identify liver and pancreas surgical patients. Patients were subdivided into three groups based on discharge destination: home/self-care (HSC), home with home health assistance (HHA), and skilled nursing facility (SNF). The association between post-acute settings, readmission rates, and readmission causes was assessed.


Among 15,141 liver or pancreas surgical patients, 60% (n = 9046) were HSC, 26.9% (n = 4071) were HHA, and 13.4% (n = 2024) were SNF. Older, female patients and patients with ≥ 2 comorbidities, ≥ 2 previous admissions, an emergent index admission, an index complication, and ≥ 5-day length of stay were more likely to be discharged to HHA or SNF compared to HSC (all P < 0.001). Compared to HSC, HHA and SNF patients had a 34 and a 67% higher likelihood of 30-day readmission, respectively. The HHA and SNF settings were also associated with a 33 and a 69% higher risk of 90-day readmission. There was no association between discharge destination and readmission causes.


Among liver and pancreas surgical patients, HHA and SNF patients had a higher risk of readmission within 30 and 90 days. There was no difference in readmission causes and discharge settings. The association between discharge setting and the higher risk of readmission should be further evaluated as the healthcare system seeks to reduce readmission rates after surgery.


Post-acute setting Readmission Liver and pancreas 


Author Contribution

All authors have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11605_2018_3740_MOESM1_ESM.docx (25 kb)
Supplementary Tables 1 (DOCX 25kb)


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Copyright information

© The Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qinyu Chen
    • 1
  • Katiuscha Merath
    • 1
  • Griffin Olsen
    • 1
  • Fabio Bagante
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jay J. Idrees
    • 1
  • Ozgur Akgul
    • 1
  • Jordan Cloyd
    • 1
  • Carl Schmidt
    • 1
  • Mary Dillhoff
    • 1
  • Eliza W. Beal
    • 1
  • Susan White
    • 1
  • Timothy M. Pawlik
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryThe Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center and James Comprehensive Cancer CenterColumbusUSA
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryUniversity of VeronaVeronaItaly
  3. 3.Department of Surgery, The Urban Meyer III and Shelley Meyer Chair for Cancer ResearchThe Ohio State University Wexner Medical CenterColumbusUSA

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